Dias points out that Enbridge's Great Lakes Tunnel Project, approved in 2018, will reroute Line 5 underneath the lakebed of Michigan's Straits of Mackinac, virtually eliminating the threat of a pipeline incident. It's been in court-ordered mediation since last April.
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"Under the termination clause of two agreements. if defendants comply with the state of MI order and involuntarily shut down the pipeline, then defendants can choose to terminate their obligations to construct such a tunnel". If Line 5 is shut down, it will have devastating economic and environmental consequences for Canada.
"Regardless of the motivation, shutting down a second regional, multi-state and global pipeline is virtually certain to have the same economic impact, which is negative: higher prices, lost jobs and a disruption of the daily lives of both individuals and employees and employers".
In a statement Wednesday, Calgary-based Enbridge gave no sign it intends to back down.More news: World Health Organization classifies Indian Covid variant as being of global concern
On May 12, Enbridge said the Chambers of Commerce from the U.S., Canada, Michigan and OH, along with the Wisconsin Manufacturers & Commerce, Attorneys General of OH and Louisiana, the Canadian government, and union workers, all filed friend of the court briefs regarding Enbridge's case in federal court over the Line 5 easement.
Toronto's Pearson International Airport and Detroit's Metropolitan Airport would face severe jet fuel shortages.
The straits are a popular shipping lane, and the pipes were dented by an anchor in 2018. And surely, if Line 5 ceases operations, transporting crude by rail and/or truck will increase, which will subsequently increase the risk of oil spills.
Another Enbridge pipeline caused a massive spill into the Kalamazoo River in 2010. Whitmer revoked it, saying Enbridge hadn't met its safety provisions, which the company disputes.
When questioned on whether President Joe Biden has been in contact with Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau on the potential closing of Line 5 in Michigan, Press Secretary Jen Psaki replied "it's in the courts".More news: Chinese rocket segment all set to fall on Earth
"We've talked in here about how important of a partner Canada is, and will continue to be on a range of issues", Psaki said.
Eyre said more than 500,000 barrels of product from Western Canada go through the line per day, moving up from Superior, Wis., to Ontario and Quebec.
The summary is the result of coordinated action between Ottawa and the governments of Alberta, Saskatchewan, Ontario and Quebec.
It's not clear how quickly the disagreement will be resolved.
"Nothing immediately changes without an order from the court", Coleman said.More news: Israeli-Palestinian Clashes Escalate In Ramadan Night Violence At Al-Aqsa Mosque
Though Canada and Enbridge might have a plausible case, it's unclear how that could actually play out in court, Coleman said. "And there's been times when people thought that they had an airtight case under the treaty, that the courts have found a way to wiggle out of".