In his statement, Biden said the American people honor "all those Armenians who perished in the genocide that began 106 years ago today". "It's certainly something that we are doing here in the United States", the official said.
Member of the European Parliament Manfred Weber (EPP Group) has called on Turkey to face history and fully recognize the reality of the Genocide.
Writing in Newsweek on Friday, Danielle Tcholakian, an Armenian American journalist and essayist, wrote fiercely about the pain of growing up in a nation whose government has openly denied the reality of the atrocities perpetrated against her people and questioned what the declaration by Biden will mean at this point given the decades of self-interested and cynical us foreign policy. We affirm the history.
Biden's declaration follows a non-binding resolution by the U.S. Senate adopted unanimously in 2019 recognizing the killings as genocide.
Erdogan, in a statement to the Armenian patriarch in Istanbul, said debates "should be held by historians" and not "politicized by third parties".
Cavusoglu's foreign ministry struck a more strident tone. Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said Turkey "entirely rejects" the USA decision which he said was based "solely on populism", while the opposition denounced it as a "major mistake".More news: National advisory committee recommends AstraZeneca vaccine for people 30 and older
Israel's Foreign Ministry on Saturday said it recognized the "terrible suffering and tragedy of the Armenian people", but stopped short of recognizing the early 20th century massacres carried out by the Ottoman Empire as a genocide.
"With regards to the events of 1915, none of the conditions required for the use of the term "genocide" that is strictly defined in worldwide law are met".
"The shameful silence of the United States Government on the historic fact of the Armenian Genocide has gone on for too long, and it must end", the lawmakers wrote.
A year ago, while still a presidential candidate, Biden commemorated the 1.5 million Armenian men, women and children who lost their lives in the final years of the Ottoman Empire and said he would back efforts to recognize those killings as a genocide. It says numerous victims were casualties of the war or murdered by Russians. We thought it was going to happen this year.
Biden and Erdogan agreed in their call to meet in June on the sidelines of a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation summit in Brussels, officials said.
Biden has kept Erdogan at arm's length - a contrast with former president Donald Trump, whom the Turkish leader reportedly found so amenable that he would call Trump directly on his phone on the golf course without aides.More news: USA ex-cop Derek Chauvin convicted of George Floyd’s murder
Erdogan and Biden agreed on the strategic character of the bilateral relationship and the importance of working together to build greater cooperation on issues of mutual interest, the Turkish presidency said in a statement.
The US Congress in 2019 voted overwhelmingly to recognise the Armenian genocide but the Trump administration made clear that the official US line had not changed.
Later the Turkish foreign ministry said it had summoned the USA ambassador to convey Ankara's "strong reaction". Despite decades of lobbying by the Armenian-American community, successive USA presidents have skirted the controversy out of worry about a rupture with North Atlantic Treaty Organisation ally Turkey.
Ties between Ankara and Washington have been strained over issues ranging from Turkey's purchase of Russian S-400 air defense systems - over which it was the target of USA sanctions - to policy differences in Syria, human rights and a court case targeting Turkey's majority state-owned Halkbank.
Turkey has also infuriated much of the USA political establishment with its incursions against US-allied Kurdish fighters in Syria who helped fight the Islamic State group but are linked to militants inside Turkey.
Biden, during the campaign, drew ire from Turkish officials after an interview with The New York Times in which he spoke about supporting Turkey's opposition against "autocrat" Erdogan. His administration has also criticised homophobic statements from those close to Erdogan.More news: Pelosi thanks George Floyd for 'sacrificing your life for justice'