And it has not come empty-handed.
Like the 382 kilograms (842 pounds) lunar models brought by American astronauts from 1969 to 1972, they are expected to be analyzed for age and composition and shared with other countries. Its predecessor, Song 4, became the first probe to land on the moon's short-explored distances, sending back data on conditions that could affect the future stay of humans on the moon.
The success of the mission is also encouraging and inspiring to some.
The official Xinhua news agency described the Chang'e-5 mission as one of the most challenging and complicated in China's aerospace history. The ascender of Chang'e-5 probe successfully rendezvoused and docked with the orbiter-returner combination in lunar orbit, and transferred the samples to the returner on December 6. According to the myth the goddess lives on the moon with a jade rabbit and other magical creatures.
How did China get rocks from the moon? Samples from the USA and the Soviet Union missions are more than three billion years old, scientists say.
A large number of in-orbit scientific experiments will then be carried out on China's space station, he added.More news: Sergio Perez set to be named new Red Bull driver
Why is China collecting moon rocks?
Scientists are hoping that the samples will be instrumental in helping them determine the origin of the moon, its formation, and its surface volcanic activity.
The material weighing approximately 2 kg was collected by digging and scooping on the Moon by the mission's lander, before being loaded onto an ascent vehicle that subsequently docked with an Earth-return module.
A Chinese lunar rover landed on the far side of the Moon in January 2019, a global first.
It marks China's third successful lunar landing but the only one to lift off again from the moon.
China launched its first satellite in 1970 but human spaceflight took decades longer - with Yang Liwei becoming the country's first "taikonaut" in 2003.
Why is China investing in space?
Xinhua said Chinese President Xi Jinping extended congratulations to the entire Chang'e-5 mission team. The funds have contributed toward the development of its intensive and aggressively proliferating space program.More news: Sudan army chief visits border area after ambush blamed on Ethiopia
"With this successful mission, China will be more confident of its own technologies", Chen Lan, an independent analyst at GoTaikonauts.com, which specialises in China's space programme, told AFP.
State media reported at 2:00 a.m. (1800 GMT) that the capsule of the Chang 5 study had landed in the Sichuan district of the Inner Mongolia region. The claim to the moon harks back to the space race of the 1960s and 1970s, an era that led to unprecedented achievements made by both Russian Federation and United States of America in space missions while trying to compete with each other from both nuclear and ideological fronts.
China's 13th Five Year Plan presents "space" as a research priority in the nation including in-orbit as well as deep space explorations.
What will China do with moon rocks?
It made China just the third country to explore the moon's surface, after the US and the former Soviet Union.
The latest flight includes collaboration with the European Space Agency, which is helping to monitor the mission.
The Chang'e 5 capsule was loaded onto a truck and then transported by helicopter and airplane to Beijing. Both Chang'e and the Soviet mission were unmanned.More news: US FDA panel recommends Moderna vaccine