ExoplanetK2-141b has winds that clock in at about 3,100 miles per hour (5,000 kilometers per hour), and its magma ocean is estimated to have a depth of about 86 miles (140 kilometers), according to Nguyen's calculations.
Astronomers have discovered the most unreal planet, with rocks raining in rocks with ast0 miles deep lava oceans and about 1,000,000 miles of wind.
Absorption from chemicals in our atmosphere would skew the sample, which is why it is important to study the light before it has had chance to reach Earth.
"The study is the first to predict weather conditions on K2-141b that can be captured hundreds of light years away with next-generation telescopes like the James Webb Space Telescope", said senior author Giang Nguyen, a York graduate student The university, which worked on the study under the supervision of Professor Nicolas Cowan of McGill University, said.
The fiery, hot world has a surface, ocean and atmosphere all made up of the same ingredients - rocks. There is a sea of molten lava.
The findings appeared in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.More news: Judge dismisses Trump lawsuit aimed at stopping vote counting in MI
Studying such an exotic planet could pay dividends, helping scientists understand a version of the conditions that existed on Earth during its formation, when it too was covered in molten lava billions of years ago.
The inhospitable conditions forecasted may permanently change the surface and atmosphere over time.
Two-thirds of K2-141b is exposed to endless daylight in the analysis of light patterns. However, on earth, both the hemispheres used to receive the sun's rays in equal proportion.
The exoplanet belongs to a subset of rocky planets that orbit very close to their star, explained the researchers.
More than half of the planet also has constant daylight because it's so close to its host star that it's "gravitationally locked in place", and the same side always faces the star.
On Earth, liquid water evaporates, rising up into the atmosphere where it condenses, ultimately returning to the surface in the form of rain.More news: ‘LEGO Star Wars Holiday Special’ Debuts a New Trailer and Poster
The vaporised atmosphere mimics Earth's - only with rocks instead of water - with extreme heat causing them to undergo precipitation as if they were water particles.
"On K2-141b the mineral vapor, which is formed by evaporated rocks, is washed back into a magma ocean on the cold night side by supersonic winds and "rain" of the rocks".
The resulting currents flow back to the hot days of the Explanate, where the rock evaporates once more.
As a result, it will eventually transform K2-141b's very surface and atmosphere.
"All rocky planets, including Earth, began as molten worlds, but quickly cooled and solidified. Lava planets give us a rare glimpse at this stage of planetary evolution", Cowan said.
Of course, all of this remains simulated speculation for now, but the researchers say that their predictions could be checked in the near future.More news: Arteta provides update on Elneny, Willock & Luiz ahead of Molde clash
And the researchers even have a way to pass their time before the James Webb Space Telescope launches, the scientists said in the statement: they have acquired Spitzer Space Telescope observations that should help pin down the temperatures of the planet's day and night sides, clarifying how the models may match reality.