In the UK, Birmingham was the city with the highest peak excess mortality (249.7% in the week ending April 17), followed by London (226.7% in the week ending April 17) and Manchester (198.4% in the week ending April 17).
England had the highest level of excess deaths in Europe at 7.55 per cent.
By the week ending May 29, England had a relative cumulative age-standardised mortality rate of 7.55% - meaning it was 7.55% higher than the average mortality rate between 2015 and 2019.
The findings are important because they are the first accurate measurement of coronavirus death rates internationally, allowing scientists to compare the UK's own rate against the global average.More news: Vietnam reports 40 more Covid-19 cases, total rises to 586
Sweden, the Netherlands, Northern Ireland and France also saw worse than average mortality while the other European countries included in the data saw better than average.
Wales had the fifth highest excess mortality rate compared to 22 other European countries.
A report by the Office of National Statistics (ONS) has found that England sustained the longest period of above average death rates from coronavirus in the first half of 2020 anywhere in Europe.
The area with the highest peak mortality rate in Europe was Bergamo in Italy - 847.7% in the week ending March 20.More news: Georgia camp with COVID-19 outbreak didn't require masks
Five European countries had higher than average excess deaths for those aged 64 and under during the first half of the year. All four of the United Kingdom nations were in that top five, along with Spain.
This chart shows the difference in mortality rates from the average in York from week 1 (ending 3 January 2020) to week 24 (ending 12 June).
Spain had Europe's highest national mortality peak, with deaths at the start of April soaring 138.5% above the five-year average, nearly two-and-a-half times the usual number, according to analysis of figures from British authorities and the European Union statistics agency, Eurostat.
"Modelling of the rate of new infections over time suggests that there is now some evidence that the incidence of new infections has increased in recent weeks", the ONS said.More news: COVID-19: India moving to Unlock 3