In 2015, researchers concluded that the smaller stones that make up the monument - known as bluestones - were quarried a remarkable 180 miles away in western Wales. But the source of the massive blocks known as sarsens was still unknown.
The sarsen core from Stonehenge extracted in 1958.
"Archaeologists and geologists have been debating where the sarsen stones used to build Stonehenge came from for more than four centuries", lead researcher David Nash, a professor of physical geography at the University of Brighton, said.
David Nash, one of the study's lead authors is quoted by Reuters as saying that, "The sarsen stones make up the iconic outer circle and central trilithon (two vertical stones supporting a horizontal stone) horseshoe at Stonehenge".More news: Twitter reveals exactly how bitcoin scammers hacked Elon Musk's, Kim Kardashian's accounts
"This significant new data will help explain more of how the monument was constructed and, perhaps, offer insights into the routes by which the 20- to 30-ton stones were transported", he added. "Given the scale of the stones, they will need to have both been dragged or moved on rollers to Stonehenge".
Archaeologists and historians have actually long disputed where the giant sarsen stones, utilized to develop the ancient monolith in Wiltshire, England, might have originated from.
"Our results suggest that most of the sarsens at Stonehenge share a common chemistry, which is why we're saying they come from the same area".
It's also unclear why the original Stonehenge builders chose to get their West Woods sarsen when there were many other nearby dense areas with sarsen stones, but the study team theorized that it could be due to the large size of the West Wood stones. It had been removed from a megalith, known as number 58 along, by a firm who were repairing damaged monuments with metal ties in the 1950s.
Analysis from part of the core of a missing rock taken from Stonehenge in south west England 60 years provided the breakthrough. Then, they analyzed sarsen outcrops all across England, from Norfolk to Devon, to compare those chemical compositions with the Stonehenge samples. The fragment could be analysed using a destructive test, unlike the stones that form part of the prehistoric structure. After evaluating those signatures, Nash et al. had been ready to indicate to West Woods because the sarsens' earliest house.More news: 'The Michelle Obama Podcast' Debuts With A Very Special Guest, Barack Obama
Now experts are convinced this is where the majority of the stones originated.
The rationale the monument's developers decided on this website online stays a thriller, even supposing the researchers recommend the scale and high quality of West Woods' stones, and the benefit with which the developers may get admission to them, can have factored into the verdict.
But there are still some mysteries to solve.
Only the 17th century English natural thinker John Aubrey had earlier postulated a hyperlink between "Overton Wood", likely a former title for West Woods, and Stonehenge. Prof Hill noted that they were "different to that main cluster, but also different to each other" says Nash according to the New Scientist . However, there are still two of the sarsens whose origin defies explanation. Pagans still celebrate the summer and winter solstice there as they did in ancient times, and we know how Stonehenge was built to allow the sunrise in at just the right angle on those sacred days.More news: United Kingdom welcomes European Union sanctions against China, Russia, N.Korea