Throughout this time, NASA will be working out any potential problems that could hinder the launch, and then once checks are made, they will be buckling up with the rest of us as the Atlas 5 rocket from United Launch Alliance will begin its launch from Cape Canaveral. NASA will need to wait another two years for the next opportune launch window if it misses the window for any reason.
Perseverance will travel 314 million miles over a period of almost seven months attempting to land on a crater named Jezero.
Perseverance will be covering a distance of 300 million miles (482.8 million km approximately).
The timings of the launches were based on the proximity between Mars and Earth. It is NASA's most advanced rover to date. It is also equipped with a miniature helicopter named Ingenuity that weighs 1.8 kilos.More news: Coronavirus Isolation Period Extended From Seven To 10 Days In England
ULA chief executive Tory Bruno said Perseverance is arguably the most sophisticated and most exciting of all the Mars missions. A first-of-its-kind Mars helicopter will capture aerial views of the planet's surface. The rover will follow the tracks of the Curiosity rover, which landed on Mars in 2012 and is still operational.
Jezero is an ancient lakeshore thought to have been filled with water billions of years ago.
Researchers at Imperial College London and the Natural History Museum will identify samples of Mars that could contain evidence of past life and study the mineralogy and geochemistry of the different rocks found in the crater. NASA said it will accomplish this through cooperation with the European Space Agency.
This unprecedented effort will involve multiple launches and spacecraft and cost more than $8 billion.More news: Samsung Electronics' Q2 Operating Profit Up 23% on High Chip Demand
According to Moogega Cooper, a planetary protection lead engineer for the Mars 2020 Perseverance Mission, the rover will drill samples in the surface, place them into tubes and eventually send it back to Earth for further research.
If all goes well, Perseverance will become the ninth U.S. spacecraft to operate on the Martian surface by next February.
Perseverance is a big upgrade over prior rovers in a number of ways.More news: Florida deaths surpass 6000 with single-day record