But thousands turned out to hold candles in their neighbourhoods and in Victoria Park, the traditional site of the vigil.
HK riots' mastermind Jimmy Lai Chee-ying and 12 others, who were summoned to appear before the court on Monday afternoon, will appear in the same court on September 15, pending further police inquiries.
Others charged include Jimmy Lai, founder of the Apple Daily newspaper and a pro-democracy advocate, as well as activists and alliance members Richard Tsoi and Albert Ho.
When asked if he understood the charge, Lee invoked the hundreds who were killed by Chinese tanks and soldiers at Tiananmen.More news: Research into potential coronavirus vaccine given Fast Track status, says Pfizer
"The moral of the story is, if you give Hong Kong people half a chance, they will come out to demonstrate in huge numbers, in a peaceful and nonviolent way", said Emily Lau Wai-hing, a veteran pro-democracy politician. "The real incitement is the massacre conducted by the Chinese Communist Party 31 years ago".
Hong Kong and mainland Chinese officials have defended the legislation as a necessary step to curb months of sometimes-violent unrest that rocked the territory previous year before the global COVID-19 pandemic quieted its protest movement.
"The potential for arbitrary utility of the nationwide safety legislation is horrifying to many and Hong Kong's judiciary is powerless to guard the folks and rule of legislation", one respondent informed AmCham.
What is the new security law?More news: New Zealand records 1 new COVID-19 case
This would be a really hard activity at the greatest of situations, and the govt has previously hinted that it may well bar possibly dozens of candidates from individuals elections beneath the new stability regulation, which criminalizes secession, subversion, terrorism, and collusion with overseas forces.
But its broad phrasing - such as a ban on encouraging hatred towards China's government - has sent fear rippling through a city used to being able to speak its mind.
"It's a proxy referendum against the national security law", said Democratic lawmaker Eddie Chu outside a metro station.
After the program, Lau Siu-kai, vice-president of the Chinese Association of Hong Kong and Macao Studies, a leading Hong Kong affairs think tank, said that even if some in the opposition camp did not publicly advocate "Hong Kong independence" through their speech and actions, they regarded Hong Kong as an "independent political entity "rather than part of the country".More news: EPL: Sterling hat-trick help Man City defeat Brighton 5-0
The United States is weighing restricted options to deal with China over its recent moves in Hong Kong, the Wall Street Journal reported on Sunday, as tensions between Washington and Beijing heat up.