Moreover, according to paleontologov, water that is hidden under the icy crust on the surface of Jupiter's moon, could be formed as result of decomposition of hydrous minerals.
A duo of USA planetary scientists has calculated that water in the subsurface ocean of Jupiter's icy moon Europa could have been formed by breakdown of water-containing minerals due to either tidal forces or radioactive decay.
With a diameter of 3,100 km, Europa is slightly smaller than the Earth's Moon. This is a change in the structure of rocks that occurs when trapped water is released due to heating and increased pressure, likely through natural radioactive processes or tidal movement caused by Jupiter's gravity. The gravitational pull of Jupiter and the wealth of moons surrounding the planet may provide enough energy to the water inside to ensure it remains a liquid. Other important building blocks are needed, and researchers believe that was the case.
Of all the worlds in our solar system, Jupiter's frosty moon Europa is on the list of places where we might found life.
"Indeed it was thought that this ocean could still be rather sulphuric, but our simulations, coupled with data from the Hubble Space Telescope, showing chloride on Europa's surface, suggest that the water most likely became chloride rich", Melwani Daswani explained, further summing up that its build-up could have become more like oceans on our planet, and therefore potentially habitable.More news: Astronomers discover mystery object in space
'We believe that this ocean could be quite habitable for life'.
In 2016 the Hubble Space Telescope found evidence of plumes of water vapour erupting from the surface of Europa.
Gradual cooling of the liquid water ocean that still exists and the moon over time indoors might be due to many different factors..
Water and minerals aren't the only thing needed for life.
"We were able to model the composition and physical properties of the core, silicate layer, and ocean", said lead researcher Mohit Melwani Daswani. This simply means that the conditions are in favor of allowing for the survival of some of the extremely hard forms of life that we are familiar with on Earth.More news: Sixteen players in "self-isolation" after testing positive for COVID-19
We still don't know if Europa is volcanically active, capable of producing the hydrothermal vents around which deep-sea life clusters here on Earth. For us living on the surface of the Earth, that energy comes from the Sun, and it was long assumed that sunlight was necessary for life.
"We don't even know whether life as we know it would be happy over there or whether the energy available for that for life would be sufficient", he added. "All the key ingredients are there".
The study also evaluated whether Europa was also previously habitable and so far did not examine its present habitability, a certain question that the researchers are now exploring.More news: The Premier League Records Liverpool Can Still Break In Final Seven Games