Democrat Chris Van Hollen, a Maryland Democrat, and Senator Pat Toomey, a Republican from Pennsylvania, said Thursday that they plan to introduce a bill that would impose sanctions on Chinese officials for violating Hong Kong's independence, and also impose secondary sanctions on banks that do business with entities found to violate the law guaranteeing Hong Kong's autonomy. "We don't. So it's not surprising that as part of the efforts to fill the national security legal gap, we need to have a body", he said in an interview with Reuters.
The NPC decision also raises concerns because article 18 of the Basic Law states that such insertion of Chinese national legislation into Annex III "shall be confined to those relating to defense and foreign affairs as well as other matters outside the limits of the autonomy of the Region".
What's more, Professor Chan says the proposed law will contravene Article 23.
The move, one of the most controversial items on the agenda of the National People's Congress in years, drew strong rebukes from the US government and rights groups.
"The United States strongly urges Beijing to reconsider its disastrous proposal, abide by its worldwide obligations, and respect Hong Kong's high degree of autonomy, democratic institutions, and civil liberties, which are key to preserving its special status under USA law", Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said.More news: Boris Johnson u-turns on surcharge on worldwide NHS workers after Tory rebellion
Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian, meanwhile, said national security in Hong Kong was "purely" an internal affair and "no country has the right to interfere".
China's decision to propose new legislation tightening control over Hong Kong has sparked a wave of condemnation from American lawmakers and officials, in yet another sign of worsening relations between the economic superpowers. This suggests that it is the Hong Kong government, not the NPC Standing Committee, that has the power to legislate on Hong Kong's national security. "It was never clear what exactly the allegations and the evidence are, and the term national security is so vague that it could cover nearly anything", Professor Johannes Chan, a legal scholar at the University of Hong Kong, says. It said the proposed legislation threatens Hong Kong's civil liberties and risks the city's position as an worldwide financial center.
On Friday, campaigners urged mass protests over the weekend against the law, which they see as an erosion of Hong Kong's autonomy. We don't. America has all kinds of law enforcement agencies that are tasked to deal with national security threats. Even after the law is promulgated, it could still face challenges in the courts.
The Trump administration indicated last month that it would consider rolling back Hong Kong's favorable trading status, a key point of leverage, if Beijing played too strong a hand.
Friday's announcement unmistakably illustrates what a powerful authoritarian system is capable of: Beijing can and will continue to interfere with Hong Kong's basic democratic order, establishing a new communist order in its place while quietly snuffing out critics' voices. Lam became Hong Kong leader in 2017 with support from mainland China.More news: Number of Covid-19 cases worldwide passes 'tragic milestone' of five million
Beijing may also fear September's elections to Hong Kong's legislature.
Former Hong Kong chief executive Leung Chun-Ying pointed to large U.S. investments in mainland China despite national security laws there.
The provisions of the United Nations covenants on human rights also remain in force under the joint declaration.
"It is a complete dishonor of promises made under the Sino-British Join Declaration, as well as all the promises made by the Chinese government to us and the world", she said.More news: KKR to invest $1.5 billion in India’s Reliance Jio Platforms