"While NASA is leading the Artemis program, global partnerships will play a key role in achieving a sustainable and robust presence on the Moon while preparing to conduct a historic human mission to Mars", the statement read, and therefore "it's critical to establish a common set of principles to govern the civil exploration and use of outer space".
Named to reflect the USA space agency's Artemis program, which aims to land the first woman and next man on the lunar surface by 2024, before ultimately sending astronauts to Mars, the proposals set out some key ground-rules for space-faring nations.
In may the General Director of Roscosmos, Dmitry Rogozin, compared the plans of the Americans to explore the moon with the military intervention of the country in Afghanistan or Iraq, when the USA authorities did not coordinate their actions with other countries and the UN. "Therefore, under Artemis Accords agreements, NASA and partner nations will commit to the protection of sites and artifacts with historic value". Lori Garver, former deputy administrator of NASA, said to Reuters. "So anything this does to clear any of that up could really help advance progress in space development".More news: Club Bruges declared Belgian champions after clubs confirm season over
Reuters reported the US was in talks with Europe, Canada, Japan and the United Arab Emirates about the principles, but Russian Federation would initially be absent.
"The principle of invasion is the same, whether it be the Moon or Iraq. A great deal of Russian cooperation on Artemis may center around Gateway", Gold said.
NASA also notes that the Outer Space Treaty of 1967 is still in effect, but the new Artemis Accords builds on the legal framework to help bolster a peaceful relationship on the moon and beyond.More news: Tropical Storm Arthur Forms Off Florida, Warnings Issued
They would follow the principle that "basically says I'm gonna stay out of your way, you're gonna stay out of my way, and we can all operate in this space", he added. Earlier, the head of the National office for Aeronautics and space research Jim Breidenstein said: the joint work of Russian and American specialists very productive. "Safety zones are necessary, but they can also be abused in a way that it may become appropriation".
"We don't want to only carry astronauts to the Moon, we want to carry our values forward", said Mike Gold.
It also raised the problem of space debris, laying out principles that space objects should be registered for reasons of safety and sustainability, and that orbital debris should be mitigated, with spacecraft being disposed of responsibly.More news: ATP, WTA extend suspensions due to COVID-19 pandemic
Right now, we are waiting for more information on this matter.