"We're continuing to collect data on buried ice on Mars, zeroing in on the best places for astronauts to land". But where should the first people land on the red planet? These freaky regions near the poles have been analyzed by NASA's Phoenix lander, which scraped up ice, and the MRO, which has snapped many images of meteor impacts that have dug up this ice.
In fact, Mars 2020 will bring space suit samples along for the ride so that scientists can study how it will degrade in the Martian environment, while an oxygen generator will also test the technology that astronauts can use to make their own rocket fuel in Mars. The Mission behind landing "Curiosity" in 2004 would be to "follow the water", the double rovers "Spirit" and "Opportunity" discovered proof that our planet once hosted operating liquid before getting a frozen wilderness, NASA stated in a press launch.
Colored map showing underground water ice on Mars.More news: Quentin Tarantino says Kill Bill 3 'is definitely in the cards'
This region has water ice less than one foot (30 centimeters) below the surface as well as areas where a landing spacecraft could sink into a fine dust.
Researchers created the map of the Martian surface which shows where water ice is believed to be located. Buried ice results in variations in the planet's surface temperature, which the heat sensitive instruments detect. The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) is aboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, while the Mars Climate Sounder is on Mars Odyssey. The data is then combined with other useful data to determine the location of the ice. But the map reveals particularly shallow deposits that future mission planners may want to study further. Scientists are inherently suspicious, and any confirmation of a potential finding of extraterrestrial life will be severely inspected, as it was the case with the Viking Mars lander observations and analyses of the Martian meteorite ALH84001. But there is a great preference for landing in the northern hemisphere, which is generally lower in elevation and provides more atmosphere to slow down a landing spacecraft. In the red areas, ice is at least a few feet deep.
The team is planning a comprehensive campaign to continue studying the Martian ice across different seasons, watching how the abundance of this resource changes over time.More news: Samsung Galaxy A51, A71 launched: Price, specifications
The more we look for ice near the surface, the more we find, "said JPL project associate scientist Leslie Tamppari of JPL".
NASA is not the only space group that observes the Arcadia region on Mars.
"Mars 2020's" arm has the same reach as "Curiosity's", but its turret weighing more, 99 pounds (45 kilograms) because it carries larger instruments and a larger drill for coring.More news: OPPO to pump $7bn into R&D, to launch smartwatches next year