The image shows the Vikram lander's impact (confirmed or likely debris, in green dots), as well as places where the surface was disturbed - where small flyaway bits of the lander might have moved some of the regolith (soil-like material covering the moon's surface).
ISRO on September 2 successfully carried out the separation of lander Vikram (with rover Pragyan housed inside) from the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter. The green dots indicate debris and the blue dots show soil disturbance.More news: Dwayne Wade Addresses Folks Hating On His Son's Nail Tips
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) said that its Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) Camera has sighted the remains of Vikram lander on the lunar surface.
"Shanmuga Subramanian contacted the LRO project with positive identification of debris". The NASA spacecraft's first pass over the impact site occurred on September 17, and the LROC team published the resulting image later that month, even though they didn't think they had found any sign of the crash. Despite the loss, getting that close to the surface was an fantastic achievement.
This before and after image ratio highlights changes to the surface; the impact point is near center of the image and stands out due the dark rays and bright outer halo. Diagonal straight lines are uncorrected background artifacts. This is the first time a publicly-released image has identified the lander's impact site and debris field.More news: Evacuation slide falls off a Delta plane - and into a Milton backyard
Two subsequent image sequences were acquired on October 14 and 15, and then on November 11. The LROC team scoured the surrounding area in these new mosaics and found the impact site (70.8810°S, 22.7840°E, 834 m elevation) and associated debris field. The November mosaic had the best pixel scale (0.7 metre) and lighting conditions (72° incidence angle). The three largest pieces of debris are each about 2x2 pixels and cast a one-pixel shadow.
That tipoff, plus images with better lighting and resolution taken in mid-October and on November 11, gave LROC specialists the details they needed to map the full scope of the surface changes caused by the hard landing. The images also showed the associated debris field.More news: Apple AirPods Unbelievable Cyber Monday Deals You Need To Know