A team of researchers including Nicholas Schmerr, an assistant professor of geology at the University of Maryland, designed a new algorithm to re-analyze seismic data from instruments placed by NASA's Apollo missions in the 1960s and '70s.
NASA's Moon orbiting spacecraft has spotted the impact site of the Israeli Beresheet spacecraft on a region of the Moon called "Sea of Serenity" where it crash landed on April 11. And it is going to take far more than $1.6 billion to develop and/or manufacture everything needed for the mission.More news: Plane crash kills multiple Idaho Falls residents
Bridenstine noted that Vice President Mike Pence is now challenging the US space agency to expedite its Moon initiatives and put astronauts back on the lunar surface in the next five years.
It is now widely agreed that these are thrust faults, caused as the moon cools down from its hot birth. The thrust fault carries crustal materials up and sometimes over adjacent crustal materials.
Mercury has thrust faults of up to 1,000 kilometres long and three kilometres high, suggesting it has shrunk much more than the moon.More news: Save up to 50% on Bose headphones, speakers, and home audio
The new research tracked the epicenters of each small moonquake, and found that eight of them could be traced to within 20 miles of so-called fault scarps.
It was thought that the selfie (above) it took on the way down would be the last anyone ever saw of it, but it turns out a NASA orbiter has found and photographed the remains.
What's more, most of the Moonquakes occurred during times of the month when the tidal stresses between the Moon and Earth were at their greatest, which would make those faults more likely to slip and thus cause a quake. For example, the Lee-Lincoln Scarp, which is very close to Apollo 17's landing site, can be seen in numerous pictures taken by Cernan and Schmidt. Because weathering gradually darkens material on the lunar surface, brighter areas indicate regions that are freshly exposed by an event such as a moonquake. The fact that these moonquakes occur at or near-apogee, when the Moon is most distant from us, imply that they are related to tidal forces exerted by gravity. In the new study, Tom Watters of the Smithsonian Institution in the United States and colleagues employed a new way to pinpoint the locations of the near-surface moonquakes in the Apollo data more precisely than was previously possible. "We are talking 60's technology here", Watters notes.More news: Students stage global climate protests to pressure United Nations summit
Nasa is unable to tell whether Beresheet formed a surface crater upon hitting the moon, but said it was possible a small indent was formed instead. "This provides some very promising low-hanging fruit for science on a future mission to the Moon". "This is a good amount that gets us out of the gate in a very strong fashion, and sets us up for success in the future". This won't be the only budget increase NASA proposes in the years ahead, as it only addresses the immediate need for new cash in 2020, but if Trump wants to go to the Moon he should know that it's going to cost taxpayers a pretty penny.