The federal appeals court ruled earlier to uphold a subpoena ordering Trump's accountants to hand his financial records over for investigation. But that argument was dismissed by a federal judge and a panel of the Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit.
Trump directed his request to Chief Justice John Roberts because he handles emergency matters arising from courts in the nation's capital.
On a 2-1 vote, the appeals court said the House panel had a legitimate legislative goal for seeking the documents.More news: Germany dodges recession with surprising Q3 growth
"This is a case of firsts", Trump's lawyers told the Supreme Court Friday. Under the lower court's decision, "any committee of Congress can subpoena any personal information from the President; all the committee needs to say is that it's considering legislation that would force Presidents to disclose that same information", Consovoy wrote in the request filed Friday. "Given the temptation to dig up dirt on political rivals, intrusive subpoenas into personal lives of Presidents will become our new normal in times of divided government - no matter which party is in power".
The filing by the president's private lawyers represents a historic moment that will test the court and highlights the Constitution's separation-of-powers design. A NY grand jury issued a subpoena directed not to the president personally, but to an accounting firm that has long dealt with his personal finances, Mazars USA. Prosecutors asked for the documents as part of their ongoing investigation into the Trump Organization and two hush-money payments made to women who allegedly had affairs with Trump.
It is not clear exactly what records the committee has requested but, according to Mr. Trump's lawyers, it did not specifically ask for Mr. Trump's tax returns. Among other things, the panel wants to know if the president has any undisclosed conflicts of interest.More news: New Jersey high school football shooting leaves at least 2 wounded
At the D.C. Circuit, Consovoy, the president's lawyer, argued the committee had exceeded its legislative role and was acting in a law enforcement capacity rather than serving a "legitimate legislative goal".
"For the first time in our nation's history, Congress has subpoenaed the personal records of a sitting President from before he was in office", read a statement from Jay Sekulow, one of the president's lawyers.
He added: "Politically motivated subpoenas like this one are a ideal illustration of why a sitting president should be categorically immune from state criminal process".More news: James Holzhauer leads after day one of the ‘Jeopardy!’ tournament final