The head of global policy at Christian Aid, Dr Alison Doig, said: "The Climate Change Committee advised the Government not to include any worldwide offsets in their net-zero calculations; so it's disappointing to see the Government keeping this option open".
But he also said the government will review the net-zero target within five years to ensure that other countries are taking "similarly ambitious action" and that United Kingdom businesses do not face "unfair competition". Doug Parr, Greenpeace UK Chief Scientist, was cited by the Guardian as warning that relying on global carbon credits would undermine the UK's commitment to fighting climate change as it shifts the burden to developing nations.
"So the government is also today (12 June) accepting the recommendation of the Committee on Climate Change for the Treasury to lead a review into the costs of decarbonisation and this will consider how to achieve the transition to net zero in a way that works for households, businesses and public finances".
The Climate Change Act 2008 committed the United Kingdom to reduce net emissions by 80% from 1990 levels by 2050.More news: Huawei trademarks Hongmeng OS as it readies Android replacement
For the first time, young people will have the chance to shape our future climate policy through the Youth Steering Group. Judging by the small print, this is a net zero target with a backstop.
Other groups criticised the Government's inclusion of worldwide carbon credits as part of the net-zero target, which may allow for some of the carbon reduction to be outsourced to developing countries, slowing the transformation of the United Kingdom economy. That means emissions from homes, transport, farming and industry will have to be avoided completely or - in the most hard examples - offset by planting trees or sucking Carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. "Having declared a climate emergency, Parliament must act to close these loopholes". Engineers will play a vital advisory role to ensure the deployment of large-scale projects, programmes and large investment in infrastructure is achieved in an effective and timely manner.
The UK has been one of the more successful countries in cutting emissions and it intends to stop burning coal for power generation by 2025.
Britain already has a target to cut greenhouse gases by 80 per cent by 2050, but the last fifth of that goal is likely to be the hardest reduction to make. It will also be possible to plug in further low carbon heating technologies to existing heat networks as they become available.More news: IoT Engineering Services Market find out Growth Potential through Demand Forecast
Steve Elliott, Chief Executive of the Chemical Industries Association, said that it will be important to get the balance right between medium-term solutions such as carbon capture and storage (CCS) and hydrogen, and short-term solutions such as addressing United Kingdom policy costs like those that result in high power costs for business. "The technology and approaches that will deliver net zero are now understood, which is crucial, but will need strong policy leadership to ensure they are implemented".
Matt Rooney, Engineering Policy Adviser at the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, said that the new target should be seen as an opportunity for the United Kingdom to lead the development of new technologies but highlighted the importance of skills and training to meet the target. If we are to meet the challenge of climate change, we need global partners across the world to step up to this level of ambition.
Matt Setchell, co-head of Octopus Energy Investments commented: "The government's decision to target net-zero carbon emissions is another important step forward".More news: Hundreds arrested at Russian rally for journalist