The team found that in the mice and human cells, their antidote prevented skin necrosis, scarring, and pain. "We don't know yet if it works on other jellyfish, but we know it works on the most-deadly one". They ran tests by using human cells and mice, and they found out that they can stop the scarring of the tissue and they can get rid of the pain that comes from the sting.
This particular jellyfish has about 60 tentacles that can stretch nearly 10 feet, the researchers noted.More news: Australian woman killed in Hawaii helicopter crash
He and his colleagues at the University of Sydney had been using CRISPR genome editing techniques - a form of genetic editing where sections of DNA are taken out, modified or replaced - to investigate how the jellyfish venom works. Using trial and error, they looked at which cells survived an encounter with box jelly venom. In trials the antidote has been shown to be effective in counteracting the venom and with blocking symptoms within 15 minutes following contact.
The researchers, who published their findings Tuesday in the journal Nature Communications, say they hope to one day develop a topical application for humans.
Neely said it's not yet known if the drug will stop a heart attack associated with the jellyfish sting.More news: Leicester will try to tie up Tielemans - Rodgers
They're also trying work out whether the same drug will work on irukandji stings. "That will need more research and we are applying for funding to continue this work", he noted. "One we identified is a calcium transporter molecule called ATP2B1, and is present on the surface of cells", Greg Neely, one of the authors of the new study, wrote for The Conversation.
However Assoc Prof Neely said the remedy could have its limitations. The argument against a cream is when you are stung it leaves lots of little stingers in you so if you rub the cream on it might be squeezing more venom into you. Meanwhile, Prof. Neely and Dr. Lau are now looking for potential partners to work on making the jellyfish venom medicine available to the public.More news: Souq relaunches as Amazon.ae in the UAE
In 2018, pain and chronic pain cost $139 billion to the Australian economy and is heading towards $215 billion by 2050, according to Pain Australia. This was found using CRISPR genome editing techniques. Note: material may have been edited for length and content. To help to address treatment when a sting occurs, the scientists have uncovered the antidote to the venomous sting.