For the first two days following its launch, the orbiter will initiate communications with Earth and begin gathering data.
Solar Orbiter is a joint-mission between NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA), to send back unprecedented images and data, along with our first glimpse of the Sun's polar regions. The Solar Orbiter aims to leave this plane to take pictures of and study the Sun's north and south poles.
However, we have known for a long time that it can disrupt everyday life when we are in the fire line of a strong solar storm, "said Günther Hasinger, ESA Director of Science". "By the end of our Solar Orbiter mission, we will know more... than ever before".
For the next seven years, scientists will look to Solar Orbiter to supplement results from other missions for a comprehensive look at this huge volume of space.More news: Year-old Faye Marie Swetlik disappears from SC bus stop
The $ 2 billion spacecraft ($ 1.5 billion US) will join NASA's Parker Solar Probe, launched a year and a half ago, to dangerously get close to the sun to reveal its secrets. The Solar Orbiter was created to observe such activity.
The spacecraft contains powerful telescopes and instruments to measure solar magnetism, radio waves, particles and radiation.
Solar Orbiter will take about two years to reach the Sun, approaching the burning star from about 26 million miles (42 million km).
The ESA/NASA Solar Orbiter mission will face the Sun from within the orbit of Mercury at its closest approach. Throughout its mission, Solar Orbiter will use successive Venus gravity assists to draw its orbit closer to the Sun and lift it out of the ecliptic plane. It will also study the link between the sun and the heliosphere by establishing a cause-and-effect relationship of what happens on the sun and the near-Earth environment. On Monday, NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) launched the Solar Orbiter Mission to study the Sun.More news: Former Shanghai mayor appointed Party chief of China's Hubei Province
A scientist involved in the mission told Express.co.uk Solar Orbiter will open up "a whole bunch of possibilities" for science. That trajectory carries the spacecraft deep into the sun's atmosphere, called the corona, where the probe's instruments focus on the spacecraft's immediate surroundings, measuring magnetic fields and particles of plasma, the charged soupy state of matter that makes up the sun.
"Solar Orbiter is going to do unbelievable things", Thomas Zurbuchen, NASA's associate administrator for science, boasted. This mission could help researchers understand the impacts of the sun's large bubble of magnetic energy on the Earth.
ESA's European Space Research and Technology Centre in the Netherlands manages the development effort.
Solar Orbiter launched atop a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket, feating a unique, specific configuration of this launch vehicle designed particularly to acquire the nearly 4,000 lb tracking craft off Earth and on its target route to finally approach the Sun.More news: Larry David Says "He Could Give A F*ck" About "Alienating" MAGA Clowns
NASA provided the solar probe with one of its 10 instruments - the Solar Orbiter Heliospheric Imager or SoloHI.