"We now need to work hard to make sure that 2019 is remembered as a definitive peak in global emissions, not just another pause in growth", said IEA Executive Director Fatih Birol.
"After two years of growth, global emissions were unchanged at 33 gigatonnes in 2019 even as the world economy expanded by 2.9 per cent", the Paris-based energy watchdog declared in press release this morning.
Global emissions from energy held steady in 2019 for the first time in three years as developed nations continued to move away from coal power and toward renewable energy and natural gas.
Late past year, worldwide climate experts warned that global temperatures could rise sharply this century with "wide-ranging and destructive" consequences after greenhouse gas emissions hit record levels in 2018.More news: Major League Baseball considering new playoff format and live selection TV show, report says
The global energy agency put the halt in carbon dioxide growth down to declining emissions from power generation in advanced economies such as the European Union and the U.S., thanks in large part to the expanding role of renewable energy sources such as wind and solar. To reliably prevent global temperatures from rising 2 ˚C above preindustrial levels-hot enough to destroy the world's coral reefs, among other serious dangers-the world needs to slash emissions by 25% this decade and reach zero by 2070, according to the UN's climate panel.
The flatlining of emissions can be largely explained by the increased use of sustainable energy resources in the advanced economies of Europe and the US, which offset an increase in emissions in the rest of the world. Major economies also experienced milder weather than during 2018, and economic growth slowed in some emerging countries like India.
Global energy-related emissions of heat-trapping carbon dioxide remained steady past year, with declines in rich countries balancing out a rise in poor nations, according to data published Tuesday.
Advanced economies led the declines, with the United States posting the largest emissions' contraction on a country basis, with a fall of 140 million tonnes, or 2.9 per cent lower. "We have the energy technologies to do this, and we have to make use of them all".More news: Afghan President Ghani cites ‘notable progress’ in US-Taliban talks
To support these objectives, the IEA will publish a World Energy Outlook Special Report in June that will map out how to cut global energy-related carbon emissions by one-third by 2030 and put the world on track for longer-term climate goals.
One of the most comprehensive scientific studies on carbon emissions had predicted a total of almost 37 gigatons of human-made greenhouse gas emissions during 2019. Natural gas produced more electricity than coal for the first time ever, meanwhile wind-powered electricity almost caught up with coal-fired electricity. Japan's emissions fell by 45 million tons, or around 4 percent, as output from newly restarted nuclear reactors upticked this year.
However, in the rest of the world, emissions grew by 400 million tonnes previous year, with 80 per cent emitting from coal-addicted Asia.More news: Former Shanghai mayor appointed Party chief of China's Hubei Province