Physics professor at the University of California in Berkeley, one of the papers lead author, Stuart Bale, explains that 'the first three encounters of the solar probe that we have had so far have been spectacular'.
These findings reveal new information about the behaviour of the material and particles that speed away from the Sun, bringing scientists closer to answering fundamental questions about the physics of our star, NASA said in a statement.
"We were certainly hoping we'd see new phenomena and new processes when we got close to the sun - and we certainly did", Nicola Fox, director of NASA's heliophysics division, told Reuters.
The information from the probe, printed in the journal Nature, affords clues to prolonged-standing mysteries, alongside side why the Sun's ambiance, in most cases referred to as the corona, is a whole lot of times hotter than its ground, as properly because the particular origins of the photo voltaic wind.
The Parker Solar Probe has so far reached a distance of around 24 million kilometres from the Sun, 16% of the Earth-Sun distance, and is expected to continue to make new discoveries over the next five years as it moves much closer.More news: When Will Ian Somerhalder's 'V-Wars' Premiere on Netflix?
Justin Kasper, a principal investigator who helped build the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons (SWEAP) instrument for the Parker probe, told Reuters they found freaky behavior in the solar wind impossible to see from Earth, such as phenomena called "switchbacks", in which the magnetic field "flips itself around", becoming a tangled knot of electromagnetic energy blasting out of the sun's surface. Likewise, IS IntegratedIS (Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun) provided data on small, irregular particulate emissions that mix with the solar wind when it reaches Earth.
The "fast" solar wind, clocked at between 310 and 600 miles per second, is known to come from large holes in the solar corona at the sun's north and south poles.
The photo voltaic wind includes charged particles, principally protons and helium nuclei, travelling alongside the Sun's magnetic self-discipline traces, the researchers renowned.
Coronal holes, that are linked to sun spots, are areas that are cooler and not more dense than the encircling corona.
The corona's magnetic structure is visible, he says, so we can conclude that the solar wind comes out of small holes in it.More news: All 4 accused in Hyderabad gang-rape, murder shot dead
"When you get closer to the sun, you start seeing these "rogue" Alfvén waves that have four times the energy than the regular waves around them", Kasper said. "Space weather forecasting will need to account for these flows if we are going to be able to predict whether a coronal mass ejection will strike Earth, or astronauts heading to the Moon or Mars", he added. It can cause problems with our electric power grids.
During its scorching journey, the probe will orbit the Sun 24 times while being subjected to extreme heat and radiation, with temperatures expected to reach 1,377C, almost hot enough to melt steel.
NASA scientists were eager to learn about what was coming out of the Sun.
'The first surprise is related to the co-rotation of the coronal plasma as the sun rotates, ' says Dr Zank, who wrote one of four papers on the NASA data.
As it gets closer to the Sun, the probe is expected to hurtle around the star at 430,000 miles an hour, which will make it faster than any spacecraft in history.More news: Multiple Fatalities in Florida, Armed Robbery Suspects Hijack UPS Truck