The bacterium Acinetobacter, also new to the "urgent threat" list, caused an estimated 8,500 infections in hospitalized patients and 700 estimated deaths in the U.S.in 2017, according to the CDC. "When antibiotics aren't needed, they won't help you, and the side effects could still cause harm".
The two additions bring the list of urgent threats to five, joining three identified in 2013 - CRE (carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae), Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Clostridioides difficile.
The source of the infection for C auris isn't the person who got sick but rather the hospital environment, including catheters, counters and other surfaces. In addition, investments in improved surveillance of antibiotic resistant infections and more coordinated data collection will be critical to yielding more accurate measures of antibiotic resistant infections and resulting deaths in real time, to inform more effective responses.
For the first time, the CDC also added a new category to the ones used to classify the 18 pathogens: a watch list of three germs that officials are monitoring because they have the potential to spread resistance widely or are not well-understood in the United States. But the CDC moved these germs from serious to urgent threats because they have developed resistance to the most powerful antibiotics.
The new numbers, though still conservative, underscore the magnitude of the problem and will help prioritize resources to address the most pressing threats, infectious disease experts said. Some infections appear to be resistant to all three classes of medications created to treat it. "Safe sex works. Vaccines and keeping hands clean works", Craig said.More news: Surviving Santa Clarita school shooting victims on road to recovery
The CDC used data collected by the agency's National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) that is fed from more than 22,000 hospitals.
The agency added that it most likely underestimated the deaths caused by antibiotic-resistant infections in its 2013 report, placing its updated figure to an estimated 44,000 deaths.
Antibiotics have been doled out unnecessarily by Global Positioning System and hospital staff for decades, fueling once harmless bacteria to become superbugs.
"The good news is, we know how we can protect ourselves from this threat", Redfield said. They are resistant to all or almost all antibiotics; they kill up to half of patients who get bloodstream infections from them; and the bacteria can transfer their antibiotic resistance to other related bacteria, potentially making the other bacteria untreatable.
Officials credit hospitals for using antibiotics more judiciously, and doing more to isolate patients with resistant infections.More news: Airtel slips into Rs 23,045 crore Q2 net loss on AGR hit
Drug-resistant germs and related infections sicken about 3 million people and kill about 48,000 every year in the United States, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
"It is extremely important that we take steps to prevent infections in the first place, this includes following infection control and prevention recommendations and receiving recommended vaccinations". But C. diff is considered part of the larger problem, because it can grow out of control when antibiotics kill other bacteria.
For instance, this was how the 12% reduction in C. difficile was calculated, according to the CDC: "Among the 3,205 [acute-care hospitals] in the United States with enough data to calculate an SIR, 12% had an SIR significantly higher (worse) than 0.71, the value of the national SIR". They do not treat viral infections such as the flu or the common cold.
- Erythromycin-resistant group A Streptococcus infections have quadrupled since the 2013 report. These bacteria often cause urinary tract infections for which antibiotics are prescribed.
The fungus can infect wounds and the bloodstream and take root in the urinary tract.More news: Earn $1,000 by watching 24 Hallmark Christmas movies in 12 days
A new report has revealed that drug-resistant "superbugs" are deadlier than originally thought.