The approved European Union legislation also sets a goal of having plastic bottles 90 percent recycled by 2025 and to cut litter from the 10 items that turn up in oceans most often in half.
One of Canada's largest producers of plastics says there will be plenty of room for future growth in output despite a proposal by Ottawa to ban certain single-use plastic products by 2021.
More than 1 million birds and more than 100,000 sea mammals worldwide are annually injured or die when they mistake plastic for food or become entangled in the substance, the Canadian government said.
"You've all heard the stories and seen the photos. And to be honest as a dad it is tough trying to explain to my kids", Trudeau said.
"How do you explain dead whales washing up on beaches across the world, their stomachs jam packed with plastic bags?" "Against all odds, you will find plastic at the very deepest point of the Pacific Ocean".More news: "Xiaomi Mi Band 4 with 0.95" AMOLED Color Display Launched in China
That means that plastic straws, cotton swabs, drink stirrers, plates, cutlery, and balloon sticks are likely to be included in the ban.
Last year, Canada sponsored a G7 ocean plastics charter meant to spur a reduction in plastics use.
Several cities in Canada already have bans on plastic bags in place.
The non-binding Ocean Plastics Charter called on participating countries and the European Union to commit to making all plastics reusable, recyclable or recovered by 2030.
US states and cities are also banning various forms of plastic, with Hawaii and ME recently cracking down on polystyrene, the lightweight packaging known by the brand name Styrofoam.
The law will not come into effect until late this year or early 2020.More news: LEGO Star Wars The Skywalker Sega revealed, game collection coming 2020
The banned items will be selected to help gradually reduce plastic pollution with the hopes of hitting the new targets and metrics that the government has set.
South Australia is also considering a ban on single-use plastics. Without steps to crack down on the problem, that number could increase to roughly $8 billion a year by 2030.
Several Canadian cities already ban the use of plastic bags, Montreal passed its ban previous year, and some provinces have banned other products.
He tweeted that Canadians throw away 15 billion plastic bags a year and 57 million straws every day.
But Trudeau said a "national solution" was needed.
This year, the federal government imposed a carbon tax on provinces that had not yet introduced their own equivalent carbon plan.More news: Russian Federation still undecided on OPEC oil deal extension: Saudi
In May, the Philippines shipped 69 containers of garbage back to Canada.