For every 10 deaths involving people who consumed low amounts of ultra-processed food, there were 16 deaths among people who ate at least four ultra-processed foods a day. "At the same time, promotion of fresh and minimally processed food is a requirement".
A new batch of research highlights a number of health risks linked to eating ultra-processed foods, which include things like soda, chips, packaged candies, and many other frequently consumed food products.
One study, which involved more than 105,000 French adults, found a link between eating ultra-processed food and developing cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease.
One study, led by the University of Navarra, in Spain, involved nearly 20,000 adults, with an average age of 38, who were asked to complete detailed questionnaires about their daily habits.More news: Kim Kardashian West worries about her sister Khloé
The authors suggest people's diets could be improved if people cut back on ultra-processed foods.
Conclusions In this large observational prospective study, higher consumption of ultra-processed foods was associated with higher risks of cardiovascular, coronary heart, and cerebrovascular diseases.
Participants in the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra study were asked to complete a 136-item dietary questionnaire, with foods again grouped according to a degree of processing, with deaths measured over a period of 10 years.
Speaking to BBC News, University of Paris researcher, Dr Mathilde Touvier, said: "The rapid and worldwide increasing consumption of ultra-processed foods, to the detriment of less processed foods, may drive a substantial burden of cardiovascular diseases in the next decades".More news: Meghan and Harry's shock new split from William and Kate
Although the researchers say more evidence is needed to understand the effects of highly-processed foods, the study highlights a worrying potential link between a high intake of packaged snacks and ready meals, and life expectancy.
"Ultra-processed" foods are the ones to be tired of - these have been manufactured through multiple industrial processes (like moulding and milling) and are often ready-to-eat or heat.
Nevertheless, both studies took account of well known lifestyle risk factors and markers of dietary quality, and the findingsback up other research linking highly processed food with poor health. Meanwhile, public health authorities in several countries have recently started to promote unprocessed or minimally processed foods and to recommend limiting the consumption of ultra-processed foods.
Professor Mark Lawrence, nutrition expert at Deakin University in Australia, said research should look at how ultra-processed foods harm different populations around the world.More news: Philippines ships 69 containers of trash to Canada after diplomatic spat