Abortions are only permitted for medical emergencies to prevent the death and irreversible physical impairment of the pregnant woman.
Women who have abortions will not be prosecuted under the law, but physicians could be charged with a felony and face up to 99 years in prison for performing the procedure.
As of now, abortion in Alabama - and in all 50 states - is still legal.
Health advocates and politicians across the country, including Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey, say the laws are so extreme that they're created to trigger a review of Roe v. Wade by the Supreme Court, which now has two Trump appointees Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh.More news: OnePlus 7 Pro: Flagship killer turned flagship
"This reflects what social conservatives see as an opportunity, now that Anthony Kennedy has been replaced on the Supreme Court with the far more conservative Brett Kavanaugh, and because so many Trump judges have been appointed throughout the federal courts", Galdieri said.
"While others are zeroing in on ways to overturn Roe v. Wade and navigate the courts as quickly as possible, that is not our goal", Schroer said. The bill bans abortions in all circumstances, except for when the mother's life is at risk, after a heartbeat is detected in the fetus. The ACLU filed a suit challenging that law Wednesday, BuzzFeed News reports.
It places Missouri in line with states including Georgia, Ohio, Kentucky and MS that have passed so-called "heartbeat" bills outlawing abortions once a fetal heartbeat can be detected, which can be as early as six weeks and before many women know they are pregnant.
Former presidential candidate Hillary Clinton tweeted Wednesday that the "abortion bans in Alabama, Georgia, Ohio, Kentucky, and MS are appalling attacks on women's lives and fundamental freedoms". It must also pass through the Assembly before going before the governor.
Multiple states have passed Targeted Regulations on Abortion Providers, commonly known as TRAP laws, that place restrictions on medical abortion. The state has one clinic, based in St. Louis, that offers abortion care. "Every provision of the Missouri Stands for the Unborn Act.is a provision that would protect innocent human life, protect pregnancy care centers and ensure that they get the resources they need to perform their valuable mission, and measures to protect the health and safety of Missouri women".More news: Missouri, Latest US State To Restrict Abortion
Now, a similar law in Louisiana has come before the court.
For Chief Justice John Roberts, who has increasingly become the closest thing to a swing vote on the Court, doing away with Roe altogether would likely tarnish his legacy. It "seems inevitable" that the case will return to the court, according to the Washington Post. It will then travel to the desk of Gov. Mike Parson, a Republican, to be signed into law. It focuses on children diagnosed with Down syndrome, the vast majority of whom are aborted following pre-natal tests taken during the second trimester in Europe.
It also requires a parent or guardian giving written consent for a minor to get an abortion to first notify the other parent, except if the other parent has been convicted of a violent or sexual crime, is subject to a protection order or is "habitually in an intoxicated or drugged condition".
Kratzer also argued that there aren't enough potential swing voters and disenchanted Republicans to make the issue any kind of advantage for the lone Democrat elected to statewide office, U.S. Sen.More news: Food, exercise best bet to avoid dementia, rather than popping vitamins