Fishing boats are seen at a beach covered with plastic waste in Thanh Hoa province of Vietnam.
An agreement on tracking thousands of types of plastic waste emerged Friday at the end of a two-week meeting of United Nations -backed conventions on plastic waste and toxic, hazardous chemicals in Geneva, Switzerland.
Around 180 countries have reached a deal that aims to sharply reduce the amount of plastic that gets washed into the world's oceans and clamp down on shipments of plastic waste to poorer countries, the United Nations said.
Soil is cluttered by discarded plastic, floats in huge masses in oceansand rivers and entangles wildlife, sometimes with lethal consequences.
The most notable opposition to the agreement was the US, with attendees dismissing the proposal did not understand the effect it would have on the plastic waste trade.More news: Barge and tanker collide, leaking gas product into the Houston Channel
The U.S. has been sending its plastic waste to various countries around the world, including China and Malaysia, but has recently faced crackdowns in those countries as they attempt to cope with the amounts of plastic flooding through their borders.
Almost 1 million people signed a global petition this week urging the governments of the Basel Convention to take action, by preventing western countries from "dumping millions of tonnes of plastic waste on developing countries instead of recycling it".
Nearly every country in the world has agreed on a legally binding framework for reducing polluting plastic waste, with the United States a notable exception, United Nations environmental officials said Friday.
"The fact that the U.S. will no longer be able to use the rest of the world as a plastic waste dump is a very significant victory for the environment and global justice", said Puckett.
The deal affects products utilized in a wide variety of businesses, such as healthcare, fashion, aerospace, engineering, food and beverages.More news: Fashion chain Select falls into administration putting Derbyshire jobs at risk
"Countries have chose to do something which will translate into real action".
Countries will have to figure out their own ways of adhering to the accord, he said.
It is not clear why the USA has not ratified the agreement, although the Trump administration has been an outspoken opponent of numerous UN programmes that it believes work against the interests of the United States. The time from that proposal to the approval of a deal set a blistering pace by the traditional United Nations standards for such an accord.
Payet said the negotiations, which began 11 days ago in Geneva and brought together 1,400 delegates, had gone much further than anticipated. 'They (the countries) have managed to use an existing worldwide instrument to put in place those measures'.
The latest move is likely to lead Japan to step up its efforts to recycle more of the waste inside the country.More news: Red Hat and Microsoft bring new enterprise Kubernetes platform to Microsoft Azure
But the practice came to an end after China, past year in January, abruptly announced a ban on the import of plastic waste as part of an initiative to clean up its environment.