The report was released Monday and says species are being lost at a rate tens or hundreds of times faster than in the past.
The largest, most comprehensive study ever undertaken of the conjoined fates of human wellbeing and the natural world, the report was finalised in Paris after intense negotiations between IPBES members that concluded at 0300 a.m. on Saturday.
Nature is declining globally at rates unprecedented in human history, leaving a million species now at risk of extinction, some within decades. The danger we pose to different species is well-documented: In the 1960s, there was Silent Spring, the landmark investigative book that linked human activity and the use of pesticides to the mass death of birds.
Some 25 per cent of species on the planet are threatened and one million face extinction because of direct human influence, according to the report, which also highlights the economic implications of biodiversity loss.
The chairs and committee of the global assessment report from the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services presented the report to the organization's representatives from 132 countries.More news: Trump awards Tiger Presidential Medal of Freedom
The assessment report comes on the heels of meetings past year to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the U.N. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), one of the major outcomes of the famous 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro.
It concludes that the proportion of species now threatened with extinction averages some 25 per cent across the many terrestrial, freshwater and marine vertebrate, invertebrate and plant groups that have been sufficiently studied.
A landmark report released by the United Nations (UN) said one million species of plants and animals are now at risk of extinction, and the rate of that extinction is accelerating.
Numerous worst effects can be prevented by changing the way we grow food, produce energy, deal with climate change and dispose of waste, the report said.More news: SIMMONS: Kawhi isn't just beating the Sixers, he's beating history
What does the report actually say?Coming down to the second position, hunting and other kinds of exploitations have also caused major destruction, followed by climate change, pollution, invasive species that are spread by trade and other activities.
"Ecosystems, species, wild populations, local varieties and breeds of domesticated plants and animals are shrinking, deteriorating or vanishing".
Despite progress to conserve nature and implement policies, the report also finds that global goals for conserving and sustainably using nature and achieving sustainability can not be met by current trajectories, and goals for 2030 and beyond may only be achieved through transformative changes across economic, social, political and technological factors. "The essential, interconnected web of life on Earth is getting smaller and increasingly frayed", Josef Settele, who co-chaired the report, said.
Plastic pollution has increased tenfold since 1980, 300-400 million tons of heavy metals, solvents, toxic sludge and other wastes from industrial facilities are dumped annually into the world's waters, and fertilizers entering coastal ecosystems have produced more than 400 ocean "dead zones", totalling more than 245,000 km2 (591-595) - a combined area greater than that of the United Kingdom. If the world warms another 0.9 degrees Farhenheit, which other reports say is likely, coral reefs will probably dwindle by 70 percent to 90 percent, the report said. "We can no longer continue to destroy the diversity of life", Audrey Azoulay, head of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, said in the press release."This is our responsibility towards future generations".More news: OnePlus 7 has already achieved a massive victory ahead of its release