"What happens is while things are on their way, it's possible that some of the material gets diverted and one of the ways it gets diverted is into these jets of material that basically appear to be coming away from the black hole - but they come from material that just hasn't reached the black hole".
So what makes this one different?
The researchers had to use a different technique to capture what was happening in the black hole. The misalignment of the black hole's rotational axis with the accretion disc has warped the inner few thousand kilometres of said disc. They think material from the innermost rim of the accretion disc is funnelled along the black hole's magnetic field lines, which act as a synchrotron to accelerate the particles before launching them at tremendous velocities.
The group of astronomers, which studied the black hole's jet activity, published their findings in the journal Nature on April 29.
In June 2015, we had a ideal opportunity to study this link.More news: Drone Delivers Kidney for Transplant in Baltimore
Astronomers have discovered rapidly swinging jets coming from a black hole nearly 8000 light-years from Earth.
Companion star might be a bit of a stretch though as the black hole is actually slowly consuming the red giant. Located in the Cygnus constellation about 7,800 light-years from Earth, the cosmic pair was dubbed V404 Cygni. It generated more energy every second during the outburst than the Sun emits over three days.
"Everybody jumped on the outburst with whatever telescopes they could throw at it".
Our team focused on the bright radio emissions from the outflowing jets, using the National Science Foundation's Very Long Baseline Array ( VLBA ).
"If we just made a single image we would have never caught the behaviour". This is the equivalent of seeing a dollar coin in Sydney from a location in Perth. "So we have this incredible observational coverage". The jets appear to be rapidly rotating. That causes the jet to change its orientation and produces the wobble scientists have seen.
Their recent work has uncovered a super interesting occurrence: relativistic jets - beams of ionized matter accelerated close to the speed of light - wobbling so fast their change in direction can be seen in mere minutes. Credit: ICRAR and the University of Alberta.More news: Nottingham City Council Local Election Results 2019
"The inner part of the accretion disk was precessing and effectively pulling the jets around with it", Miller-Jones said in a statement. That causes the frame-dragging effect to warp the inner part of the disk, then pull the warped portion around with it.
According to scientists, the most unique feature of V404 Cygni is the way in which it spits out matter.
Astronomers typically use long exposures to observe black holes, but this time they had to modify their strategy to get a clear view of V404 Cygni's jets.
The explosion gives a kick to the system, pushing it out of alignment.
"What's different in V404 Cygni is that we think the disk of material and the black hole are misaligned".
X-ray observations of other stellar-mass black holes show that such misalignments are likely to be common.
The black hole, known as V404 Cygni, doesn't behave like others.More news: Nokia 4.2 Arrives May 14 for Just $189: Here's What You Get