"If people will simply cooperate quickly, nobody will have to pay a fine", de Blasio said. "But we're also trying to help everyone understand there is urgency here".
There have been almost 300 confirmed measles cases in the city since the outbreak began last October, mainly in Orthodox Jewish communities in parts of Brooklyn, according to the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH).
The city believes an estimated 1,800 children in the neighborhood hadn't been immunized as of December.
The emergency order came as the city, a suburban NY county and some other parts of the nation grapple with a spurt in a disease the US declared eradicated nearly two decades ago. Under the mandatory vaccination order, officials will check the vaccination records of anyone who may have been in contact with a person infected with measles, according to a statement from the DOHMH.
Some residents - even those who support vaccination - said they felt uncomfortable with the city pushing vaccines on people who did not want them. "And I think it's unethical and completely ridiculous to fine people that feel that they are doing what's best for their children". "What he decides", Braver added. Executive director Donna Lieberman called it "an extreme measure" that "raises civil liberties concerns about forced medical treatment". "It is safe; it is effective; it is time-tested".More news: London gridlocked by climate protesters
USA cities have fined residents before for not being vaccinated, but "not in our modern history", said Lawrence Gostin, a Georgetown Law professor specializing in public health law. All but 39 of the confirmed cases are in children. Much of the time, the patients were unvaccinated or not entirely vaccinated.
Last week, a state judge blocked an attempt by Rockland County officials to halt the spread of measles by banning unvaccinated children from public places.
The CDC says measles is highly contagious, infecting up to 90 per cent of unvaccinated people who are exposed to it.
Still, high vaccination rates in other areas serve as a kind of "wall" to prevent the virus from spreading to those areas, Adalja said. "They have been spreading risky misinformation based on fake science", Dr. Barbot said in the statement.
The National Institutes of Health says reports of serious reactions to vaccines are rare: about one in every 100,000 vaccinations. "Vaccines are critical because they can reduce the frequency of outbreaks of disease and therefore can save lives", Glatter told Live Science. It can cause pneumonia and brain swelling that can lead to seizures, deafness or intellectual disability.More news: Microsoft Confirms Hackers Could Read Outlook, MSN and Hotmail Emails
OH does require students in both public and private schools to get two doses of the measles vaccine.
Nearby Rockland County, New York, is also struggling with a measles outbreak.
Filipino Health Officials have earlier determined that the public's hesitancy in getting immunization for children following the anti-dengue vaccine, Dengvaxia fiasco aggravated the already low immunization coverage in the country.
"I know that parents may be afraid of getting their child vaccinated, but as a pediatrician, I know that getting vaccinated is far safer than getting measles".
Girls play in a yeshiva schoolyard, Tuesday, April 9, 2019, in the Williamsburg section of NY.More news: Indian squad for World Cup announced; Pant, Rayudu out