A new human species called Homo luzonesis has been discovered by a team led by University of the Philippines associate professor Armand Salvador Mijares from fossils excavated in Callao Cave in Peñablanca, Cagayan.
Bones recovered from Callao Cave belonging to a new specie scientists called Homo luzonensis are presented to reporters in metropolitan Manila, Philippines on Thursday, April 11, 2019.
Back in 2004, researchers have found the remains of Homo floresiensis, known as the "hobbit", on the Indonesian island of Flores.
Archaeologists, who discovered fossil bones and teeth of a previously unknown human species that thrived more than 50,000 years ago in the northern Philippines, have called for better protection of the popular limestone cave complex where the remains were unearthed. Basically, the newly discovered species is a mix of both older and more recent types of human in terms of physical features.More news: Father claims Jovic to reject Barcelona, Man City for Frankfurt
It's yet another reminder that, although Homo sapiens is now the only surviving member of our branch of the evolutionary tree, we've had company for most of our existence.
In addition, H luzonensis had toes identical to those of Australopiethecus, a primitive species that lived in Africa at least two million years earlier.
"As for the fate of luzonensis, it is too early to say whether the spread of Homo sapiens into the region at least 50,000 years ago might have been a factor in its disappearance", he said.
But some human relative was on Luzon more than 700,000 years ago, as indicated by the presence of stone tools and a butchered rhino dating to that time, he said.
"If you take each feature one by one, you will also find it in one or several hominin species, but if you take the whole combination of features, no other species of the genus Homo is similar, thus indicating that they belong to a new species", said Florent Détroit, study author and paleoanthropologist at the National Museum of Natural History in Paris.More news: The Masters 2019 tee times: Thursday, Round 1
With each new discovery, the story of human evolution becomes increasingly complicated. "There are only four species in Asia and we have one of them", he said. It might have been the newfound species or an ancestor of it, he said in an email.
Experts said early humans may have been washed there in large numbers due to a natural event such as a tsunami or intentionally set out to sea on some sort of raft. The remains included teeth, bones from hands and feet, and something that seems to be a leg bone.
Détroit said it's not clear how H. luzonensis is related to other species of Homo.
Michael Petraglia of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Jena, Germany, said the Luzon find "shows we still know very little about human evolution, particularly in Asia". Some scientists have suggested that the hobbits on the Indonesian island are descended from H. erectus.More news: IGER: STAR WARS Movies Will Go on 'Hiatus' After EPISODE IX