"As Her Majesty the Queen (Elizabeth II) said before visiting Jallianwala Bagh in 1997, it is a distressing example of our past history with India". While General Dyer said 379 people were killed, the Indian National Congress had pegged the toll at over 1,000.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, as it is known in India, saw British troops fire on thousands of unarmed men, women and children in the northern city of Amritsar on the afternoon of April 13, 1919.
"The cost of freedom must never ever be forgotten".
The News Services Division of All India Radio will bring you a special bilingual programme today on "100 years of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre".More news: Airbnb Reverses Ban on Listings for Illegal Israeli Settlements
Rahul Gandhi, along with Punjab Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh, reached Amritsar to pay tribute. "Their memory inspires us to work even harder to build an India they would be proud of", PM Modi tweeted.
On Twitter, Gandhi wrote that the centenary marked a "day of infamy that stunned the entire world and changed the course of the Indian freedom struggle". I want children across the United Kingdom to benefit from learning about the Jallianwala Bagh massacre to know what their country did in the name of empire.
British High Commissioner to India Dominic Asquith also visited the Jallianwala Bagh Memorial separately on Saturday.More news: What Did You Think Of Student Of The Year 2 Trailer?
He said his country regrets "the suffering caused" and "the revulsion that we felt at the time is still strong today".
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre is considered a symbol of colonial cruelty and the Indian public and governments has been demanding an apology for it from the United Kingdom for decades, including on the occasion of the visit of Queen Elizabeth to Amritsar in 1997. The demonstration was held to demand the release of two popular leaders of the Indian Independence Movement, Satya Paul and Saifuddin Kitchlew, who had been earlier arrested on account of their protests. On this day in 1919, hundreds of people were killed by troops under British Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, during a peaceful meeting at the park.
Many tried to escape by scaling the high walls surrounding the area. Others jumped into a deep, open well at the site as the troops fired.
"Heaps of dead bodies lay there, some on their backs and some with their faces upturned". Their sacrifice will never be forgotten.More news: WNBA Draft: Pick-by-pick analysis of the 2019 draft