One of its most remembered creations is a technology that detects heartbeats and was used to save lives during a 7.8 magnitude quake that struck Nepal in 2015.
The sparse layer of water molecules is more common at higher latitudes and temporarily sticks to the layer of loose regolith that coats the lunar surface, but once the temperature begins to hot up around local noon time, then the molecules thermally desorb and "bounce" to a nearby location. A recent upgrade to an instrument onboard the orbiter called Lyman-Alpha Mapping Project (LAMP) has allowed scientists to keep a closer eye on where the moon's surface shows signs of water.
"This result is an important step in advancing the water story on the Moon and is a result of years of accumulated data from the LRO mission", said John Keller, LRO deputy project scientist from NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland.More news: Gerrard hints at summer rebuild as he blasts Rangers flops
Water molecules are hopping around the moon as the lunar surface warms and cools throughout the day, new research suggests. And in 2009, NASA reconfirmed water on the moon through its LCROSS space probe which detected a significant amount of hydro group in the material thrown up from a south polar crater. But, the water noticed from the LAMP does not lessen when the lunar surface is protected by the surface of Earth and the region influenced by its magnetic field, it implies that the water does not appear because of the solar wind but it builds up over time.
The migrating molecules are not confined to a new locale on the surface either.
'These results aid in understanding the lunar water cycle and will ultimately help us learn about accessibility of water that can be used by humans in future missions to the Moon, ' said Amanda Hendrix, a senior scientist at the Planetary Science Institute and lead author of the paper. Water ice could be mined to provide liquid water for drinking and plant propagation in order to preserve a living "organism" into the moon. However, if that was true when the moon is behind the Earth and shielded from the solar wind, NASA says the "water spigot" should turn off, but it doesn't. This was reported by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) study has claimed. It could be used for astronauts to drink, or even extracted so that the hydrogen from water is used as a rocket fuel. Fuels meant to launch rockets, and other spacecraft are expensive.More news: VW brand to cut up to 7,000 jobs
Scientists find these discoveries by NASA's instrument critical as water molecules can't be easily detected on the moon.
Scientists have searched for water on the moon for a long time, mainly because of its practical use for future lunar expeditions.More news: No tariffs for Irish goods entering NI in no-deal Brexit