In the case in OR, the boy cut himself on the forehead while playing, and his family stitched up the wound themselves. A tube was placed down his windpipe and he was hooked up to a machine that helped his breathing.
A six-year-old boy in OR almost lost his life to a tetanus infection, and it's all because he was not vaccinated.
Tetanus is an uncommon but very serious neuromuscular disease caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani.More news: Congo-Kinshasa: Community Mistrust Hampers Ebola Fight in Eastern Congo - MSF
It was the first time that Dr. Judith Guzman-Cottrill, the pediatric infectious disease expert who treated the child, had ever seen tetanus because of widespread vaccination against it in the U.S.
At the hospital, he showed more signs of tetanus and was eventually diagnosed. On day 47, he was moved out of the ICU and into an intermediate care unit at the hospital.
The boy was also placed in a darkened room with earplugs and minimal stimulation, as stimulation increased the intensity of his spasms, the CDC report said. His fever spiked to nearly 105 degrees (40.5 Celsius), and he developed high blood pressure and a racing heartbeat.
This is the first case of a child contracting tetanus in more than 30 years in the US state. On Day 57, he was transferred from the pediatric hospital to a rehabilitation center, where he spent two-and-a-half weeks. It wasn't until a month after rehabilitation that the child was once again able to walk and run without assistance.
Forty-four days after he was hospitalized, the boy was able to sip clear liquids.More news: Jordyn Woods Breaks Instagram Silence With Series of Story Posts
Despite the heart-wrenching saga and "extensive review of the risks and benefits of tetanus vaccination by physicians", his parents refused another DTaP vaccination-and all other recommended vaccines. Between 2009 and 2015, there were only 197 cases of tetanus.
Case study co-author Dr. Carl Eriksson, an assistant professor of pediatric critical care at Oregon Health & Science University, who was involved in the boy's treatment, wrote in an email to TIME that severe tetanus cases are very rare in the USA, where vaccination effectively prevents such conditions.
All in all, the medical care cost more than $800,000, and that's not even including the air transport, ambulance costs or the inpatient care.
The CDC recommends a five-dose series of tetanus shots for children between the ages of 2 months and 6 years and a booster shot every 10 years for adults. Other vaccine-preventable diseases, such as measles, have reemerged in recent years, in large part because of an anti-vaccination movement and vaccine misinformation. "Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective ways of avoiding disease - it now prevents 2-3 million deaths a year, and a further 1.5 million could be avoided if global coverage of vaccinations improved".More news: Why Meghan Markle Stays Off Twitter and Doesn't Read Headlines About Herself