The Beresheet spacecraft on Tuesday sent back a photo taken with its "selfie camera", in which the Israeli flag can be seen 37,600 kilometers (23,000 miles) above Earth.
The spacecraft was snapped as it passed over Australia, and the photograph was taken during a very slow rotation by Beresheet.
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The placard reads "Small Country, Big Dreams" and the Hebrew phrase "Am Yisrael chai", which can be translated to "The Jewish nation lives".
Ground control activated the spacecraft's main engine for four minutes, putting it into a new orbit that takes it to a distance of 131,000 kilometers from earth. Launched atop a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket last month, Beresheet is set to enter the moon's orbit April 4 before landing seven days later.
NASA, which has installed equipment on Beresheet to upload its signals from the moon, says it is inviting private sector bids to build and launch the US probes.More news: Zinedine Zidane Rejects Offer To Return To Real Madrid
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket sent Beresheet into orbit on February 21, with a logistical assist from Seattle-based Spaceflight.
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If it lands successfully, Beresheet will take photos of the lunar surface and measure the magnetic field of the landing area in the moon's Sea of Tranquility.More news: Amazon pulls the plug on 87 pop-up stores