These regions emit huge amounts of electro-magnetic radiation in their jets, and can be a trillion times brighter than the sun.
Hubble has studied objects in our own solar system, discovering some of the tiny moons around Pluto. The telescope has one other camera and two spectrographs that remain operational and will keep collecting data, NASA said in an announcement.
Collectively it provides an insight into the birth of galaxies when the Universe was only a billion years old.
Catalogued as J043947.08+163415.7, it is so old the light being received from it started its journey when the universe was only about a billion years old.More news: 'I'm over it:' Comedian Kevin Hart rules out hosting the Oscars
During this time hydrogen that had cooled off after the big bang was reheated by young galaxies and other quasars.
After a 20 year search, the Hubble Telescope has found the brightest quasar ever seen in the early universe, which is brighter than 600-trillion suns and creates 100,000 stars each year.
Because the quasar is so far away, NASA was only able to detect it because another galaxy closer to Earth acts as a lens, making the quasar look extra bright.More news: Crystal Palace’s Wayne Hennessey denies ‘Nazi salute’ during team night out
Credit: NASA, ESA, Xiaohui Fan (University of Arizona) The spectroscopic data also allowed the researchers to estimate the mass of the quasar's central supermassive black hole; they calculated it at around 700 million times that of the sun.
"However, because of the boosting effect of gravitational lensing, the actual rate of star formation could be much lower than the observed brightness suggests".
'This is one of the first sources to shine as the Universe emerged from the cosmic dark ages, ' said Jinyi Yang of the University of Arizona, another member of the discovery team. We probably won't know for certain until the U.S. government shutdown ends and NASA engineers can get back to work.
"We can even look for gas around the black hole and what the black hole may be influencing in the galaxy".More news: Australia to Tour India in Feb-March: Full List of Matches, Venues
"We don't expect to find many quasars brighter than that in the whole observable universe".