"Income volatility may also play a role in acute or chronic health outcomes for example, low income patients with chronic diseases may give up medications and medical visits to cope with unexpected financial instability, consequently resulting in increased risk of disease, including heart attack and stroke".
Unexpected dips in personal income for young adults have been linked to almost double the risk of death and greater than a 50 percent increase in risk for cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack, stroke and heart failure during the following 10 years when compared to people with less variation, according to a study published Monday in the journal Circulation. She is an assistant professor at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. They asked them for their income at the start of the study and four more times, and also analyzed their medical records for heart events and deaths.
The study was not able to determine the cause of the association between income volatility and health because it was observational and not created to prove cause and effect. Finding coping mechanisms, including exercising or going for regular walks every day, may help, as could finding social support networks to lessen the stress of a fluctuating income.
Stressful events may contribute to obesity, a risk factor for high blood pressure and heart disease.More news: ‘Game of Thrones’ prequel adds eight to growing cast, confirms female director
In the United States, the recent rise in income inequality suggests that a larger proportion of the population faces poverty and economic difficulties. Arnett said. "I think it's a multitude of reasons that could be contributing to this finding".
Elfassy pointed out that previous studies have linked income to a person's risk of heart disease, but those studies tend to focus on income at one single point in time.
Money issues are a common source of anxiety - and they can have negative effects on heart health for both young people and for those who are older, researchers have found.
Unpredictable drops in income are also associated with all causes of mortality, according to the study.More news: Fiji Water girl Kelleth Cuthbert star of show at Golden Globe Awards
The study used data from the ongoing Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study that is following 3,937 people living in four diverse U.S. cities (Birmingham, Alabama; Minneapolis, Minnesota; Chicago, Illinois; and Oakland, California). The study participants ranged in age from 23 to 35 at the beginning of the research.
As part of the study, people reported their income five times between 1990 and 2005, at regular intervals.
Only about 5 percent of the sample had absolutely no changes in income during the 15-year period, while about 90 percent experienced at least one pay increase, the researchers reported.
"Individuals with higher income volatility were more likely to be women, black, have lower income in general, and less likely to be married", Elfassy said.More news: Robert Mueller Accuses Manafort of Sharing Poll Data With Russian
But nearly half experiencing at least some decreases in income and fluctuating income is more common among individuals who experience drops in income.