Public Health England (PHE) revealed the news on Monday, and renewed the risk of diseased to travellers heading overseas.
"There is no risk to the wider public in relation to this case but, as a precautionary measure, health workers and close contacts are being assessed and offered vaccination when necessary", Public Health England said in a statement.
Rabies is a very serious viral infection that affects the brain and central nervous system.
A holidaymaker who was on vacation in Morocco has died of rabies, following an encounter with a rabid cat.
Initial symptoms include anxiety, headaches and fever, which can progress into hallucinations and respiratory failure, according to PHE.More news: Tyler, The Creator responds to Jaden Smith's claims they are dating
As is the case here, rabies is passed on through injuries such as bites and scratches from an infected animal.
No humans have contracted rabies in the United Kingdom from animals - other than bats - for over 100 years, PHE said, adding that the disease does not circulate in wild or domestic animals in the country.
Rabies does not circulate in either wild or domestic animals in the United Kingdom, but between 2000 and 2017 five United Kingdom residents became infected with rabies after "animal exposures abroad", PHE added.
PHE used the incident to remind residents of the risks when traveling overseas.
The UK has been rabies-free since the beginning of the 20th century, with the exception of rabies-like viruses in some wild bat species.
Dr Mary Ramsay, head of immunisations at PHE, said: 'This is an important reminder of the precautions people should take when travelling to countries where rabies is present.More news: Ferocious winds whip California fires as death toll rises to 31
However, it is a vaccine-preventable virus and the immediate washing of a wound after being bitten or scratched by an animal carrying rabies - alongside immediate medical treatment - can save lives, the World Health Organisation states.
Although the disease can be prevented by vaccination, once the illness develops it is nearly always fatal. All mammals, including monkeys, can carry rabies, but it is most common in dogs, cats, bats, raccoons, foxes, jackals and mongooses.
Each year, over 59,000 people die of rabies - with poor and disadvantaged populations affected most when there is limited access to healthcare.
"This reminder comes after a United Kingdom resident sadly died after becoming infected with rabies following a cat bite during a visit to Morocco".
"Virtually all mammals can be infected by rabies virus and a large reservoir is in bats", he said.More news: Trump Pushes Conspiracies In FL, Claims Honest Vote Count 'No Longer Possible'