It found that 77 per cent of land and 87 per cent of the ocean has already been damaged by human activities.
A total of 20 countries contain 94 percent of the world's wilderness, with 70 percent held by just five countries. Remaining marine wilderness is shown in blue; terrestrial wilderness in green.
We argue that wilderness can still be saved. "We must grasp these opportunities to secure the wilderness before it disappears forever".
Humanity's relentless spread across the face of the Earth has led to a dramatic decline in the quantity and quality of wilderness areas.
Wilderness, the study's authors said, is defined as an area not subject to direct human use. "There is nothing to hold nations, industry, society or communities to account for long-term conservation". But nearly two-thirds of marine wilderness lies in worldwide waters, beyond the direct control of nations.More news: Ariana Grande Did Not Like Pete Davidson’s Marriage Joke At All
A wilderness area is a region that's not been strongly affected by human activity.
Antarctica, the (almost) untouched continent.
"This is a very important time to raise awareness about the value of these systems, about how imperilled they are and to help decision-making that balances human needs and environmental needs and think strategically about where we develop and how we develop", Venter said. This biodiversity makes up several ecosystems, and we humans are linked to nearly every one of them in one way or the other.
Our maps show how little wilderness is left, and how much has been lost in the past few decades. In the period from 1993 to 2009, human settlements, agricultural lands, and the industry has taken 3.3 million square kilometers of undeveloped areas.
The researchers said in the ocean, the only regions that are free of industrial fishing, pollution and shipping are nearly completely confined to the polar regions.
"We need the immediate establishment of bold wilderness targets - specifically those aimed at conserving biodiversity, avoiding risky climate change and achieving sustainable development", Allan noted. We believe Earth's remaining wilderness can only be secured if its importance is immediately recognised within these agreements.More news: United States workers see highest wage growth since 2008
Conservationists are calling for a mandated target for wilderness conservation that will preserve the planet's vulnerable ecosystems. But committing explicitly to such a target would make it easier for governments and non-governmental organisations to leverage funding and mobilise action on the ground in nations that are still developing economically.
The loss of wilderness is not just a biodiversity conservation and climate issue. Researchers urges authorities to better conserve these wilderness areas. Not only is it the most intact ecosystem on the entire planet, the authors say, but it captures and stores around a third of the Earth's terrestrial carbon.
Prof Watson said: "One obvious intervention these nations can prioritise is establishing protected areas in ways that would slow the impacts of industrial activity on the larger landscape or seascape". It can also be called a wild or natural area, but in many countries, Wilderness Area actually has a legal meaning. Particularly, worldwide accountability is necessary, he argues.
"Similar to species extinction, the erosion of the wilderness is essentially irreversible", they wrote.More news: Karan Johar reviews Zero trailer: It has blockbuster written all over it