While several invertebrates (e.g., bees, ants, and shrimps) and vertebrates (e.g., fishes, birds, rodents) in the animal kingdom display social characterizes, the octopus only suspends its reclusiveness during mating season - indicating a suppression of social behavior outside the reproductive period.
The study found that all four spent more time in the area with the other octopus than they had before the drugs. While humans are naturally social creatures, octopuses prefer a solitary existence and rarely socialise, with the exception of mating. That said, a new study presents genomic link between the two species' social behaviors, particularly when it comes to reacting to ecstasy. Separated by 500 million years of evolution, human beings also display similar emotional characteristics. "The fact that they induced this very sort of gentle, cuddly behavior is really pretty fascinating". It turned out that the octopus has and people protein gene: the serotonin Transporter binding of a neurotransmitter with neurons, are nearly identical. With the drug their behaviour towards other softened. Whether that demonstrates an increase in something like love or affection for each other, though, is still up for debate.
Dolen said she would like to do more tests with more animals, such as giving MDMA to an octopus at the same time as Prozac or a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor that bind to the same receptor.
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine think that octopuses are just like us! But, serious interest in MDMA has grown as researchers have begun discovering promising applications of the drug in treating PTSD and other disorders.More news: Republican Congressman’s 6 Siblings Urge People To Vote - For His Opponent
As for the octopuses - who were hatched in the lab, not caught in the wild - they went through this entire trip just fine.
To find out, Dolen and her colleague Eric Edsinger from the Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory, placed a pair of octopuses into a tank with three chambers.
Ecstasy effect on this protein, therefore the authors tried to check on the octopus effect of the drug, enhancing social interaction in humans and some animals.
According to NPR, scientists chose a specifically low dose of MDMA, since higher doses gave a profoundly different result. So they weren't super-social, but they were more social than they had previously been thought.More news: The Timberwolves And Tom Thibodeau Are Battling Over Jimmy Butler
"It's not just quantitatively more time, but qualitative", Dölen said in a statement.
What does this mean for science (other than octopuses are cuter than we thought)?
Enter other species. There is a long, and sometimes dubious, history of scientists dosing animals with psychoactive drugs.
"If we look at the part of the gene that encodes the binding pocket of the receptor - it's very similar", Edsinger said. The octopuses then ingested the MDMA through their gills.More news: Diablo Animated Series in the Works At Netflix