"We strongly urge the U.S.to immediately correct its mistakes and revoke the so-called sanctions".
India and Russian Federation signed an agreement in 2016 to buy the "Triumf" S-400 missile system in 2016 but the U.S. law CAATSA (Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act) could be a hurdle.
The sanctions mean China's Equipment Development Department will be denied US foreign export licenses, is banned from making foreign exchange transactions within USA jurisdictions and is prohibited from using the US financial system.
As if there weren't already enough reasons to be pessimistic about US-China relations, a new front of disagreement opened on Thursday when it was announced that China will be punished for violating Washington's sweeping Russian Federation sanctions regime. "Otherwise, the USA has to bear the consequences".More news: NatWest, RBS and Ulster Bank say online banking glitch 'resolved'
"The US approach is a blatant violation of the basic norms of global relations, a full manifestation of hegemony, and a serious breach of the relations between the two countries and their two militaries", Wu said in a notice posted on the Chinese defence ministry's official Wechat account.
The sanctions were enacted "to further impose costs on the Russian government in response to its malign activities", Nauert said in the statement.
"Playing with fire is silly, it can become unsafe", he said in a statement.
China's EDD and its director Li Shangfu became targets after taking delivery over the past year of the jets and missiles from Rosoboronexport, Russia's main arms exporter already on the USA blacklist for its support of Bashar al-Assad's regime in Syria.More news: Father of former Spurs player killed in drive-by shooting
The State Department announced the move Thursday as part of the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, or CAATSA, which Congress passed past year in response to Russia's aggression in Ukraine, cyberattacks and interference in the USA election.
The US official said Washington had spent "an enormous amount of time" seeking to discourage prospective buyers of Russian arms.
The new sanctions came as the United States and China are in the heat of a trade war.More news: Inquiry into Lakes rail chaos says "no-one took charge"