However, both Trump and US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin have stated publicly that they are not willing to talk to China about trade at the moment.
"Our organizations agree that longstanding issues in China have negatively impacted many USA companies, and we support the administration's efforts to negotiate meaningful, binding and long-term solutions with the Chinese government, (but) applying these high levels of tariffs on Chinese products will continue to miss the mark", the groups wrote.
The US trade gap with the European Union also hit a record, coming just days before US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer is due to meet his EU counterpart Cecilia Malstrom in Brussels on Monday to try to defuse the dispute between the two major economies that have exchanged tariffs on billions of dollars in goods.
The United States buys about 20 percent of China's exports, but trade has shrunk over the past decade as a share of the Chinese economy. Imports increased to US$261.2 billion, boosted by computers, oil and vehicles. The strong USA economy is also encouraging Americans to buy more foreign products. The Chinese measures target $60 billion of American goods.More news: Rupee free falls to 72 against the dollar
Besides the promise of retaliatory action, Gao said that China and the USA should resume negotiations to resolve their trade disputes.
The Trump administration may be about to slap tariffs of up to 25 percent on an additional $200 billion in Chinese goods, escalating a confrontation between the world's two biggest economies and likely squeezing US companies that import everything from handbags to bicycle tires.
Exports fell one per cent to US$211.1 billion, including record shipments of industrial supplies and petroleum, while sales of soybeans - subject to Chinese retaliatory tariffs - dropped by US$700 million.
Such a huge trade war would also drag on United States economic growth and, most likely, wider global growth.More news: Slovakia vs. Denmark - Football Match Report
The conflict has already had a significant impact on China's economic performance.
According to data released by the US Commerce Department on Wednesday, the US trade gap increased 9.5 percent to $50.1 billion in July, from a revised $45.7 billion in the prior month.
The proposed new tariffs from Washington - levied at 25% of the value of thousands of specific products - would come on top of existing 25% tariffs on $50bn of Chinese exports, most of which kicked in on 6 July. Levies would be imposed on more than 5,000 goods imported from the USA, including aircraft, soya bean oil, smoked beef, coffee and flour.More news: British Navy warship sails near South China Sea islands, angering Beijing