Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul was born on August 17, 1932, in Chaguanas, Trinidad and Tobago, into a family of Indian Brahmin origin.
Naipaul had penned 30 hit books, including the masterpiece 'A House for Mr Biswas'. In latter years his personal reputation took a battering when an authorised biography was unstinting in its depiction of his.
Awarding him the Nobel, the Swedish Academy said he was a "literary circumnavigator, only ever really at home in himself, in his inimitable voice".
Mrs Naipaul said his success could be attributed to his power to unite perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories.
FILE PHOTO: Writer V.S. Naipaul (2nd L) looks over his Nobel prize for literature with Medicine victor Sir Paul Nurse (L) and Economics winners George Akerlof and A. Michael Spence (R) at Stockholm's Konserthuset, after receiving it from from Sweden's King Carl Gustaf December 10, 2001.More news: Brighton vs Manchester United, Premier League
Author V.S. Naipaul, who documented the Third World and immigrant migrations as the British empire disintegrated, has died. His first book was "The Mystic Masseur".
Naipaul also fell out with USA travel writer Paul Theroux, who later wrote a bitter, no-holds-barred memoir of their long association.
Naipaul married Patricia Ann Hale in 1955.
Celebrated for his extensive commentary on both, colonisers and colonised, in fiction and non-fiction, V S Naipaul walked the controversy tightrope, admired for his prose but scorned by those who perceived him as an apologist for imperial powers.
In a Twitter post, Rushdie conceded that the pair had "disagreed all our lives, about politics, about literature", but added: "I feel as sad as if I just lost a beloved older brother".More news: CNN accused of intimidating Paul Manafort jury
Other honours awarded to him throughout his life included the Booker Prize in 1971, the David Cohen Literature Prize in 1993 and a knighthood in 1990.
"Sir Vidia's Shadow" described Naipaul as a racist, sexist miser who threw terrifying tantrums and beat up women.
Last month, Naipaul's 1971 work In A Free State was shortlisted for the one-off Golden Man Booker, which marked the 50th anniversary of the Booker Prize. Hell had died from breast cancer in 1996.
"It could be said that I had killed her", he told biographer Patrick French.
He had a quarter-century, sometimes violent, affair with an Argentinian, and he married Pakistani journalist Nadira Alvi the same year Pat died.More news: Sanjay Bangar explains the dressing room’s reaction to Rishabh Pant’s six