In neighbouring Brazil, supporters and opponents of abortion recently testified before the Supreme Federal Tribunal in an extraordinary session on whether to allow elective abortions during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
Argentina's Senate has rejected a bill to legalize elective abortion in the first 14 weeks of pregnancy. For now, abortion will only remain an option in cases of rape or if the mother's life is in danger.
Global human rights and women's groups have been closely following the vote, and figures such as USA actress Susan Sarandon and "The Handmaid's Tale" author Margaret Atwood supported the pro-abortion cause in Argentina.
"The criminalization of abortion is an extreme form of violence against women".More news: Syrian First Lady undergoes treatment for early-stage breast cancer
"Let's recognize that we're facing a public health tragedy because 3,030 women who have died is a tragedy", said Magdalena Odarda, a senator for Rio Negro province. Amnesty International told Argentine legislators that "the world is watching".
But among anti-abortion activists, the mood was one of jubilation. George Soros has also been a major player in the financing of pro-abortion lobbyists through his Open Society foundations. Uruguay and Cuba are the only countries in the region to have fully decriminalized abortion.
Supporters of the bill argued it would save lives, and the run-up to the vote sparked months of passionate debate and protest in the Catholic country. Mario Fiad called abortion a "tragedy and said he opposed the legislation, arguing it is unconstitutional and violates global treaties".
The vote in Argentina came almost two months after Argentina's Chamber of Deputies narrowly approved the measure and President Mauricio Macri said that despite his personal opposition to abortion, he was prepared to sign it.More news: The Academy Just Announced Big Changes to the Oscars
Ireland ended up overturning its own constitutional ban on abortion through a referendum held in May.
Despite false warnings to the contrary, no woman or medical professional is in prison for practicing abortion in Argentina, despite its illegal status.
"What this vote showed is that Argentina is still a country that represents family values", anti-abortion activist Victoria Osuna, 32, told Reuters.
Earlier, Pope Francis said the deliberate termination of pregnancy was "an atrocity" and compared it with Nazism.More news: Russia's Medvedev Warns Of 'Horrible' Conflict If Georgia Joins NATO
Daiana Anadon, leader of the feminist group Wave, said she and hundreds of other women would stay "until the final moment because we believe the power of the street will move the situation". "Just to keep life peaceful, an innocent child is killed". "Sooner rather than later, women will have the decision they need, sooner rather than later we will win this debate", he said in his closing speech.