The findings, published in Nature Wednesday, also suggest some differences in Jupiter's lightning compared to Earth's - mainly the location. Dr Kolmašová and her team produced a database of lightning-generated low-frequency radio emissions around Jupiter.
If it had achieved its intended 14-day orbit, Juno would have had time to carry out all of its primary science experiments, but the 53-day orbit at a distance of between 3,000 mi (5,000 km) and five million mi (eight million km) of the cloud tops meant that it spends much more time in the outer Jovian system than planned, and subsequently has less time for observations.
"But until Juno, all the lightning signals recorded by several NASA spacecraft were limited to either visual detections or from the kilohertz range of the radio spectrum, despite a search for signals in the megahertz range".
"No matter what planet you're on, lightning bolts act like radio transmitters, sending out radio waves when they flash across a sky", said Shannon Brown, a Juno researcher at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.
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Artist's concept of lightning in Jupiter's northern hemisphere. "Many theories were offered up to explain it, but no one theory could ever get traction as the answer". As Choi reports, scientists have speculated many reasons behind the difference, including variations in the atmosphere or even fundamental distinctions between how lightning forms.
Scientists are now saying that lightning on Jupiter can be as frequent as it is on Earth.
William Kurth of the University of Iowa, who is study co-author on both papers, notes that the similarities found between lightning strikes on these two planets were a bit of a surprise.
Juno is unraveling Jupiter's mysteries. In any case, despite the fact that Jupiter's atmosphere infers the more of its heat within the planet itself, this doesn't render the Sun's beam irrelevant. It took nearly five years to reach Jupiter after a roundabout route that sent it on a flyby of Earth in 2013 to build up speed to match orbits with Jupiter.More news: Warriors upset over ‘dangerous play’ by Perkins
The findings indicate that the nature of Jupiter and Earth lightning may not be so different after all.
This bounty of data is attributed to the close range at which Juno surveilled the gas giant. Because our equator bears the brunt of this sunshine, warm moist air rises (through convection) more freely there, which fuels towering thunderstorms that produce lightning.
"This will help us better understand the composition, general circulation and energy transport on Jupiter". Therefore, warm gases from the planet's interior are rising up at the poles, creating the recipe for lighting.
According to NASA, an independent panel of experts reviewed the mission and in April confirmed that Juno's instruments are in good condition and can still meet all of its objectives if given time.
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"This is great news for planetary exploration as well as for the Juno team", Juno principal investigator Scott Bolton, from the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, said in the same statement.