Almost 78% of diagnoses were in men who have sex with men.
Super-gonorrhea, which is resistant to various treatments, is shaping up to be a problem with one case confirmed in the United Kingdom last March 2017, then two cases in Australia following soon after, according to BBC News.
This comes after a syphilis sufferer, who has been made anonymous and given the name Gavin, urged anyone who has had unprotected sex to get themselves tested after he experienced no symptoms and only discovered the STI during a routine at-home test.
There was also a 22% rise in gonorrhoea cases in 2017 compared to 2016.More news: Cambridge Analytica boss says did get data
The new report reveals a 20 percent increase in syphilis cases between 2016 and 2017, from 5,955 cases to 7,137 cases, with the vast majority (5,592 cases, or 78 percent) in gay, bisexual, and other "men who have sex with men" (MSM).
More than 400,000 new diagnoses of sexually transmitted infections were made in England previous year, with cases of syphilis and gonorrhoea on the rise according to official figures.
Total SHS attendances across England increased 3% between 2016 and 2017, from 3.2 million to 3.3 million.
England has continued to see a rise in cases of syphilis and gonorrhoea over the past year.
The chairwoman of the Local Government Association's community wellbeing board said the rise was placing a "significant strain" on council resources.More news: Rafael Nadal roars back to beat Diego Schwartzman and reach semis
'Unless greater recognition and funding is given to councils to invest in prevention services, a reversal in the encouraging and continuing fall in STIs is now a real risk.
"Government must reverse cuts to councils' public health grants because we can not tackle this by stretching services even thinner", she added.
On the other, there has been a reduction in number of cases of chlamydia infection by 8 percent.
"More work must be done to ensure people from these groups have access to the information and sexual health services they need to improve and look after their sexual health".
According to Dr Gwenda Hughes, consultant scientist and head of the STI section at PHE, the long term health consequences of STIs are many.More news: Tesla accelerated, didn't brake ahead of fatal crash
"Consistent and correct condom use with new and casual partners is the best defense against STIs; and if you are at risk, regular check-ups are essential to enable early diagnosis and treatment", she said. Both diseases can cause pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility if untreated.