The authors sourced their information mainly through records held by the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington in Seattle.
About 1 in 5 adults worldwide will have engaged in heavy alcohol consumption on at least one occasion in the past month, which may increase the risk of sustaining injuries.
The World Health Organization, WHO, stated that one DALY, disability-adjusted life year, as one year lost from a healthy person's life.More news: General Electric Co (GE) Stake Upped by Gfs Advisors Llc
Also, an estimated 15.2 percent of adults smoke on a daily basis.
All the illicit drugs combined accounted for 27.8 million disability-adjusted life years, the scientists found. Her goal is to contribute to a valuable, trustworthy, and informative experience for people who are searching for health information online.
More results showed that only 3.8% of people use marijuana, 0.37% used amphetamines, and 0.35% used opioids in the past year.
In addition, Australia and New Zealand had the highest rate of amphetamine dependence (491.5 per 100,000 people), as well as high rates of dependence on marijuana (694 cases per 100,000 people), opioids (510 per 100,000) and cocaine use (160.5 per 100,000 people). Australasian populations also appeared to use other drugs, such as cannabis, opioids, and cocaine, more frequently.
In central Europe, for example, the researchers found that people consume 11.61 liters of alcohol per capita and 23.7 percent of the population reported tobacco use.More news: Suspect arrested in 1986 murder and rape of Tacoma's Jennifer Bastian
"European regions had the highest prevalence of heavy episodic alcohol use and daily tobacco use", writes the global team of authors.
Roughly half of drinkers in Central and Eastern Europe report heavy usage, and Western Europe is not far behind, at 40 percent.
But wide other swaths of the world - especially the developing world in Africa, Latin America and parts of Asia - do not have health and substance-abuse data, the paper adds. The authors note there are important limitations to the data but believe they "will make it easier for governments and worldwide agencies to develop policies to combat substance use".
"Better standardized and rigorous methods for data collection, collation and reporting are needed to assess more accurately" the disease burden from substance use worldwide", the researchers said.More news: Delhi University to begin admission registration from May 15