The regal jumping spider pounces to catch food in the woodlands of North America.
Jumping spiders, which measure up to two centimetres across, can leap up to six times their body length from a standing start, compare to humans who can only manage about 1.5 of their body lengths.
Visual comparison of body attitude and leg arrangement at the start and end of the jumping tasks.
The researchers created an experiment chamber with platforms at varying distances from one another, then tried to coax the spiders into it.
The research proved that Kim and the spiders of her kind use different strategies for different jumps for maximal efficiency.More news: Liverpool forward Sadio Mane on Olympique Lyon captain Nabil Fekir potential transfer
Biologists could train a spider to jump on different distance and height in the laboratory. "For shorter jumps it can choose from a range of available take-off angles, and because these short jumps are typically used for prey capture, a rapid low trajectory may well be the best choice".
When attempting to traverse a larger gap or jump for greater heights, Kim used her most energy-efficient jump, taking a higher trajectory with more hang time. Micro CT scans were also performed to create a 3D model of the spider's legs and body structure.
Dr Mostafa Nabawy, lead author of the study, says: "The focus of the present work is on the extraordinary jumping capability of these spiders". What's more, the force they used to propel themselves can be up to 5 times the weight of the arachnid.
However, jumping spiders have been completely overlooked, even though the arachnids "prioritize speed and accuracy over jumping distance", the researchers point out in their paper.
Scientists have known for more than 50 years that spiders use internal hydraulic pressure to extend their legs, but what isn't known is if this hydraulic pressure is actively used to enhance or replace muscle force when the spiders jump.
In this particular species, however, the researchers spider's muscle power alone was sufficient for the jump.More news: MIT paves way for self-driving cars on unmapped roads
Dr Bill Crowther, co-author of the study, said: 'Our results suggest that whilst Kim can move her legs hydraulically, she does not need the additional power from hydraulics to achieve her extraordinary jumping performance.
"Spiders have to plan everything, they have to execute accurate jumps and precise jumps to get their target [prey] as soon as possible and as accurately as possible".
'The force on the legs at take-off can be up to five times the weight of the spider - this is fantastic and if we can understand these biomechanics we can apply them to other areas of research'.
Jumping spiders are common on all continents except Antarctica.
"Design and build of bio-inspired jumping robots continues to be an area of interest", the researchers wrote in a study, published today in the journal Nature Scientific Reports.More news: Travis Scott & Kylie Jenner Make Red Carpet Debut at Met Gala