The Russian military said the missiles were fired from USA ships in the Red Sea as well as from tactical aircraft above the Mediterranean and by United States strategic bombers from near the Al-Tanf base.
"Russia will surely respond, but most likely through counter-sanctions created to address the overall degradation of the US-Russian relationship, rather than militarily against US soldiers in Syria", Eurasia Group, a risk advisory firm, said in an emailed note.
President Bashar al-Assad's government - which receives military backing from Russian Federation - has denied involvement in any chemical attack, calling the reports "fabricated".
He said the analysis was done at the request of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.
"In the past year and a half Russian Federation has fully restored Syria's air defence system and continues to further upgrade it", Rudskoi said.More news: Girls Lacrosse: Eastlake 10, Olympian 4
Russia's defence ministry went further, claiming it has evidence that Britain worked with the volunteer rescue force, the White Helmets, to fake the attack.
Mr Jaffer, a former advisor to US President George W. Bush, argued the Assad regime in Syria would not exist if it was not for the support of Vladimir Putin, claiming the Russian President was also to blame for the deadly civil conflict.
"At the end of the day, the Assad regime doesn't survive if the Russians and Iranians don't back him".
But both Dunford and Defence Secretary Jim Mattis stressed that strikes were not meant to pull America deeper into Syria's war.
"There were no attempts to broaden or expand that target set". Moscow also said it was calling an emergency session of the United Nations Security Council, where it is a permanent member, to discuss the "aggressive actions" of the U.S. and its allies. Moscow warned against any strikes and threatened to retaliate.More news: Jones homers twice in South softball win
Dunford noted that the USA military did not coordinate any targets or any plans with the Russians ahead of Friday's strikes.
Communication on the line is a near-daily occurrence created to stop mishaps as a US-led coalition conducts an air war against the Islamic State group while Russian Federation pursues its own goals of propping up Assad.
Speaking to reporters in Moscow, Lavrov reiterated a strong warning to the West against military action in Syria.
Russia's ambassador to Lebanon on Tuesday told Lebanon's Al Manar TV that any US missiles fired at Syria would be shot down and the launch sites targeted, Reuters reported.
The air strikes were limited in scope, lasting about an hour.More news: Strong to severe storms expected this afternoon
Another senior official said Trump and his aides had largely settled on a consensus view on what strategy to take and that work continued on the timing and coordination with allies who plan to participate.