The US President Donald Trump said he will impose tariffs of $60 billion on Chinese imports on Thursday.
The latest proposed Chinese tariffs would add a 25 percent charge on pork and aluminum scrap, mirroring Trump's 25 percent duty on steel, according to the Commerce Ministry.
USA and global markets were down ahead of Trump setting the tariffs process in motion. By closing on Friday, the Dow Jones was down 1.77 percent, the S&P 500 was down 2.10 percent and Nasdaq was down 2.43 percent.
The office of the U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said on Friday that the USTR had filed a request for consultations with China at the WTO to address "discriminatory technology licensing agreements".
"China is going to have to blast back", he said.
Avoid fake news! Subscribe to the Standard SMS service and receive factual, verified breaking news as it happens.
The U.S. Chamber of Commerce has warned annual tariffs on Chinese goods would be "devastating", and more than 40 trade groups have urged Mr. Trump to back off on the idea. "So the president would have final say in terms of what we end up doing here".
China retaliated on Friday morning with reciprocal tariffs worth $3 billion on imports of USA pork, recycled aluminium, steel pipes, fruit and wine.More news: LeBron matches Jordan as Cavaliers down the Hornets
The president is planning to impose tariffs of 25 percent on imported steel and 10 percent on aluminum sanctions that are meant to hit China for flooding the world with cheap steel and aluminum.
Just one day before stiff steel and aluminum tariffs were set to go into effect, Trump offered a temporary 11th-hour reprieve to several allies, including some of the biggest foreign suppliers of steel.
Beijing reported a trade surplus of $275.8 billion with the United States past year, or two-thirds of its global total.
"Trump says he wants to change the Senate's rules to eliminate the filibuster, and allow passage of all bills on a simple-majority vote".
China's foreign ministry spokeswoman, Hua Chunying, indicated those goods could be on the hit list when she said during a press conference in Beijing that "China's market receives the largest number of U.S. planes and soybeans and the second largest number of United States cars and cotton". "They're helping us a lot in North Korea".
Lighthizer indicated the industries could include aerospace, maritime and rail transport equipment, and new energy vehicles.
Mr Trump has also asked his administration, led by Treasury, to examine Chinese investment aimed at obtaining United States technology. Conceivably, it could work out that way: Premier Li Keqiang said this week China will open its economy further, do more to protect intellectual property, and restrain its efforts to get foreign investors to transfer technology.
The senior U.S. official said Washington was "very optimistic" that allies such as Europe, Japan and Australia would join its WTO case.More news: Andrew McCabe Launches Legal Defense Fund With GoFundMe Page
The senior White House official said the Trump team expects this action to be a "unifying" one among Republicans and Democrats.
"We are competing, and winning, with our exports to China growing nicely from zero to about 2.5 million boxes per year", said Jim Bair, CEO of the U.S. Apple Association, a trade group.
But the European Union said it would "reserve its rights" to impose countermeasures as long as the exemption remained temporary.
Retailers in the U.S. have pushed back, saying any such levies would amount to a tax on American consumers.
"China hopes the United States will pull back from the brink, make prudent decisions, and avoid dragging bilateral trade relations to a unsafe place".
American industry, agriculture in particular, as well as members of the president's own Republican party have voiced strident opposition to his recent trade moves.
A 25 percent tariff would be imposed on eight goods worth nearly $2bn after "further evaluating the impact of the USA measures on China", the statement by the Ministry of Commerce said.
"But unfortunately, the imports that are coming in as finished good products, mainly Chinese kegs, there's no tariff on it", he said.More news: Google Search rolling out mobile-first indexing to better match mobile usage