Born in England on March 12th, 1838, William Henry Perkin accidentally discovered "mauveine", the first synthetic dye. He discovered that the colour transferred to a cloth with impeccable brilliance.
Perkin attended the City of London School and in 1853 aged 15 he began working with German chemist August Wilhelm von Hofmann at the Royal College of Chemistry (now Imperial College London).
Perkin had made a lucrative discovery, and set to built factories and raise funds to made it widely available.
Wealthy and successful from his stint in manufacturing, Perkin eventually returned to laboratory research.More news: Google Maps turned into Mario Kart for Mario Day
While experimenting, Perkin discovered that aniline could be partly transformed into a crude mixture which, when extracted with alcohol, produced a substance with an intense purple colour.
Following his discovery, he focused on the patenting, manufacturing, and commercialization of this purple dye, which he named "mauveine".
"Perkin's timing was remarkable as the textile industry was at a high", explains Google Doodle. Mr Perkin gave the world "mauveine", the world's first synthetic dye, used for colouring fabrics.More news: Betsy DeVos: States should consider letting teachers carry guns in classroom
Perkin has been remembered for his discovery of first aniline dye, the colour of which was adopted by the British royalty and fashion industry then. He patented the new dye and opened a dyeworks at Greenford.
Perkin was married twice and had an impressive seven children.
All of his three sons also went on to become chemists, following in their father's famous footsteps. He died at the age of 69 due to pneumonia and other complications resulting from a burst appendix.
A 1906 painting of Perkin by Sir Arthur Stockdale Cope hangs in the National Portrait Gallery.More news: Intel To Weigh In Broadcom Bid
While attempting to produce quinine - a drug used to treat malaria, and found in tonic water - Sir William Henry Perkin instead created a "bluish substance with excellent dyeing properties" that later became what is known as aniline purple, or mauve.