Democrats argued the bill is unconstitutional, unworkable and would lead to racial profiling.
The House voted Friday 71-35 for the bill following a debate where Democrats lashed out at President Donald Trump and comments he made this week.
The debate took on another element Friday, after widespread reports that Trump questioned why the United States should accept immigrants from "s--hole countries" like Haiti, El Salvador and countries in Africa. He recently released a campaign-style ad outlining his support for House Bill 9.
Local officials who refuse to work with federal authorities could be removed from their jobs if the bill becomes law.
Representative Ross Spano said, "Rejecting the rule of law, members, has profound consequences". The bill's sponsor, State Rep. Larry Metz, R-Groveland, conceded on Thursday that the state would likely be sued if the measure were to become law.More news: Wisconsin Seeing Widespread Cases Of Flu
Trump's reported comment caused such an uproar that House Republican and Democratic leaders issued a rare joint statement condemning it.
"If the remarks attributed to President Trump are accurate, they have no place in our public discourse", the statement said. "America's greatness is self-evident, we do not need to tear down other nations".
Metz says he wrote the bill after an undocumented immigrant fatally shot a woman in San Francisco. "Our local law enforcement agencies' core responsibility is to protect and serve their communities, not assume the burden of enforcing federal immigration law".
Rep. Bob Cortes, R-Altamonte Springs, however, said he had no qualms about voting for the bill and was never pressured by Corcoran or House leadership.
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In an early morning tweet Friday, Trump denied making the remarks but did not specify what he said at the meeting centered on Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA, the Obama-era policy that focused on children who are brought into the US illegally by their parents or guardians.
This is the third year in a row that the House has passed the legislation.
"Can you claim to respect the rule of law while violating two different constitutions in over a half-dozen ways?"
Jacquet said, "I don't see any court in this state or in this country upholding this piece of legislation". "This is about lawful immigration and the rule of law".More news: James Franco says allegations he's heard aren't accurate